Granger Causality and Jensen–Shannon Divergence to Determine Dominant Atrial Area in Atrial Fibrillation
AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is already the most commonly occurring arrhythmia. Catheter pulmonary vein ablation has emerged as a treatment that is able to make the arrhythmia disappear; nevertheless, recurrence to arrhythmia is very frequent. In this study, it is proposed to perform an analysis of the electrical signals recorded from bipolar catheters at three locations, pulmonary veins and the right and left atria, before to and during the ablation procedure. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to reduce data dimension and Granger causality and divergence techniques were applied to analyse connectivity along the atria, in three main regions: pulmonary veins, left atrium (LA) and right atrium (RA). The results showed that, before the procedure, patients with recurrence in the arrhythmia had greater connectivity between atrial areas. Moreover, during the ablation procedure, in patients with recurrence in the arrhythmial both atria were more connected than in patients that maintained sinus rhythms. These results can be helpful for procedures designing to end AF. View Full-Text
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Cervigón, R.; Castells, F.; Gómez-Pulido, J.M.; Pérez-Villacastín, J.; Moreno, J. Granger Causality and Jensen–Shannon Divergence to Determine Dominant Atrial Area in Atrial Fibrillation. Entropy 2018, 20, 57.
Cervigón R, Castells F, Gómez-Pulido JM, Pérez-Villacastín J, Moreno J. Granger Causality and Jensen–Shannon Divergence to Determine Dominant Atrial Area in Atrial Fibrillation. Entropy. 2018; 20(1):57.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cervigón, Raquel; Castells, Francisco; Gómez-Pulido, José M.; Pérez-Villacastín, Julián; Moreno, Javier. 2018. "Granger Causality and Jensen–Shannon Divergence to Determine Dominant Atrial Area in Atrial Fibrillation." Entropy 20, no. 1: 57.
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