Next Issue
Previous Issue

E-Mail Alert

Add your e-mail address to receive forthcoming issues of this journal:

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Table of Contents

Molecules, Volume 12, Issue 6 (June 2007), Pages 1202-1258

  • Issues are regarded as officially published after their release is announced to the table of contents alert mailing list.
  • You may sign up for e-mail alerts to receive table of contents of newly released issues.
  • PDF is the official format for papers published in both, html and pdf forms. To view the papers in pdf format, click on the "PDF Full-text" link, and use the free Adobe Readerexternal link to open them.
View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-5
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Open AccessArticle Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Some Novel Schiff’s Bases from 1,2,4-Triazole
Molecules 2007, 12(6), 1202-1209; doi:10.3390/12061202
Received: 7 April 2007 / Revised: 3 June 2007 / Accepted: 4 June 2007 / Published: 5 July 2007
Cited by 18 | PDF Full-text (200 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
We have synthesized a number of novel Schiff’s bases from 4-amino-3-(D-glucoheptonic-hexitol-1-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione. By attaching D-glucoheptonic-hexitol-1-yl residues to 1,2,4-triazole at the 3-position, the solubility of the title compounds has been improved greatly. All the products have been characterized by elemental analysis, IR, [...] Read more.
We have synthesized a number of novel Schiff’s bases from 4-amino-3-(D-glucoheptonic-hexitol-1-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione. By attaching D-glucoheptonic-hexitol-1-yl residues to 1,2,4-triazole at the 3-position, the solubility of the title compounds has been improved greatly. All the products have been characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and MS. The plant-growth regulating effects of the title compounds were examined. From the biological activity results, we found that most compounds showed weak to moderate activities. Full article
Open AccessArticle Antiradical Activity of Paulownia tomentosa (Scrophulariaceae) Extracts
Molecules 2007, 12(6), 1210-1219; doi:10.3390/12061210
Received: 27 May 2007 / Revised: 21 June 2007 / Accepted: 25 June 2007 / Published: 27 June 2007
Cited by 13 | PDF Full-text (278 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Paulownia tomentosa is a large indecidous tree planted mostly for its fast growing wood and decoratative purposes. The tree is also used in traditional Chinese medicine. As a part of our study of natural polyphenols, the fruits of Paulownia tomentosa were extracted [...] Read more.
Paulownia tomentosa is a large indecidous tree planted mostly for its fast growing wood and decoratative purposes. The tree is also used in traditional Chinese medicine. As a part of our study of natural polyphenols, the fruits of Paulownia tomentosa were extracted by EtOH and than subjected to liquid/liquid extraction. Fractions were analysed by TLC and HPLC to determine presence of phenolic substantaces. We identified and quantified acteoside (1) and isoacteoside (2) in the EtOAc and n-BuOH extracts; mimulone (3) and diplacone (4) in the MeOH extract. To determine the antiradical activity of extracts we used the anti DPPH and peroxynitrite assays. The activity was expressed as Trolox C equivalents, IC50 for DPPH scavenging and a time dependency course was established. The polyphenols content was determined; results were expressed as gallic acid equivalents. Using these methods we found the fractions of the n-BuOH, EtOAc and MeOH extracts that display antiradical activity, which could be exploited as potential pharmaceuticals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
Open AccessArticle Solar Ultraviolet-B Radiation Increases Phenolic Content and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power in Avena sativa
Molecules 2007, 12(6), 1220-1232; doi:10.3390/12061220
Received: 1 May 2007 / Revised: 26 June 2007 / Accepted: 26 June 2007 / Published: 29 June 2007
Cited by 22 | PDF Full-text (96 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
We examined the influence of solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B; 280-320 nm) on the maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm), bulk-soluble phenolic concentrations, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and growth of Avena sativa. Treatments involved placing filters on [...] Read more.
We examined the influence of solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B; 280-320 nm) on the maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm), bulk-soluble phenolic concentrations, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and growth of Avena sativa. Treatments involved placing filters on frames over potted plants that reduced levels of biologically effective UV-B by either 71% (reduced UV-B) or by 19% (near-ambient UV-B) over the 52 day experiment (04 July - 25 August 2002). Plants growing under near-ambient UV-B had 38% less total biomass than those under reduced UV-B. The reduction in biomass was mainly the result of a 24% lower leaf elongation rate, resulting in shorter leaves and less total leaf area than plants under reduced UV-B. In addition, plants growing under near-ambient UV-B had up to 17% lower Fv/Fm values early in the experiment, and this effect declined with plant age. Concentrations of bulk-soluble phenolics and FRAP values were 17 and 24% higher under near-ambient UV-B than under reduced UV-B, respectively. There was a positive relationship between bulk-soluble phenolic concentrations and FRAP values. There were no UV-B effects on concentrations of carotenoids (carotenes + xanthophylls). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
Open AccessCommunication Composition and Enantiomeric Analysis of the Essential Oil of the Fruits and the Leaves of Pistacia vera from Greece
Molecules 2007, 12(6), 1233-1239; doi:10.3390/12061233
Received: 8 June 2007 / Revised: 26 June 2007 / Accepted: 26 June 2007 / Published: 30 June 2007
Cited by 23 | PDF Full-text (52 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The essential oils of the fruits and the leaves of pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Fresh unripe pistachio fruits were richer in essential oil (0.5 %, w/w) than the leaves (0.1 %, w/w). Twenty one compounds [...] Read more.
The essential oils of the fruits and the leaves of pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Fresh unripe pistachio fruits were richer in essential oil (0.5 %, w/w) than the leaves (0.1 %, w/w). Twenty one compounds were identified in the essential oil of the fruits and the major components were (+)-α-pinene (54.6 %) and terpinolene (31.2 %). The enantiomeric ratio of the major constituents of the essential oil of the fruits was determined using chiral GC/MS and it was found that the (+)/(-)-α-pinene ratio was 99.5:0.5, (+)/(-)-limonene 80:20, (+)/(-)-β-pinene 96:4, and (+)/(-)-α-terpineol 0:100. Thirty three compounds were identified in the essential oil of the leaves and the major components were found to be α-pinene (30.0 %), terpinolene (17.6 %) and bornyl acetate (11.3 %). Full article
Open AccessArticle Synthesis and Antibacterial Properties of New 8-Nitrofluoroquinolone Derivatives
Molecules 2007, 12(6), 1240-1258; doi:10.3390/12061240
Received: 13 May 2007 / Revised: 19 June 2007 / Accepted: 20 June 2007 / Published: 30 June 2007
Cited by 26 | PDF Full-text (140 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The objective of this research was the preparation of new 8-nitrofluoroquinolone models and investigation of their antibacterial properties. The work initially involved large scale preparation of the synthon 7-chloro-1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-8-nitro-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (3), followed by introduction of substituted primary amine appendages at the C-7 [...] Read more.
The objective of this research was the preparation of new 8-nitrofluoroquinolone models and investigation of their antibacterial properties. The work initially involved large scale preparation of the synthon 7-chloro-1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-8-nitro-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (3), followed by introduction of substituted primary amine appendages at the C-7 position to give derivatives 9a-g, in which the amino group is appended to substituted benzenes or aromatic heterocycles, is part of a primary α-amino acid or just a simple primary aliphatic amine. This nucleophilic aromatic substitution step was a very simple procedure since the 8-nitro group of the above synthon facilitated the addition of weak nucleophiles at C-7. All compounds prepared were fully identified and characterized using NMR, IR, EA and MS, and were consistent with expected structures. The prepared targets and the intermediates have shown interesting antibacterial activity against gram positive and/or gram negative strains. In particular, the p-toluidine, p-chloroaniline and aniline derivatives showed good activity against S. aureus with MIC range ≈ 2-5 μg/mL. In conclusion, more lipophilic groups seem to enhance activity against gram positive strains. Full article

Journal Contact

MDPI AG
Molecules Editorial Office
St. Alban-Anlage 66, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
molecules@mdpi.com
Tel. +41 61 683 77 34
Fax: +41 61 302 89 18
Editorial Board
Contact Details Submit to Molecules
Back to Top