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Molecules, Volume 7, Issue 3 (March 2002), Pages 320-373

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Research

Open AccessArticle Synthesis and Spectroscopic Characterisation of N-Alkyl Quaternary Ammonium Salts Typical Precursors of Cyanines
Molecules 2002, 7(3), 320-330; doi:10.3390/70300320
Received: 23 October 2001 / Revised: 18 February 2002 / Accepted: 26 February 2002 / Published: 31 March 2002
Cited by 40 | PDF Full-text (51 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The synthesis and spectroscopic characterisation of some representative N-alkylsubstituted quaternary ammonium salts derived from benzothiazole, benzoxazole, benzoselenazole, indole and quinoline are described. These heterocyclic salts, bearing an activated methyl group in the 2-position in relation to the nitrogen atom and N [...] Read more.
The synthesis and spectroscopic characterisation of some representative N-alkylsubstituted quaternary ammonium salts derived from benzothiazole, benzoxazole, benzoselenazole, indole and quinoline are described. These heterocyclic salts, bearing an activated methyl group in the 2-position in relation to the nitrogen atom and N-methyl, -pentyl, -hexyl and -decyl chains, are typical precursors of cyanine dyes. Full article
Open AccessArticle Correlation between Phenylphenalenone Phytoalexins and Phytopathological Properties in Musa and the Role of a Dihydrophenylphenalene Triol
Molecules 2002, 7(3), 331-340; doi:10.3390/70300331
Received: 21 November 2001 / Revised: 6 March 2002 / Accepted: 15 March 2002 / Published: 31 March 2002
Cited by 8 | PDF Full-text (63 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
A correlation has been established between production of specific phenylphenalenones and resistance of various banana and plantain varieties towards certain pathogens. In addition a dihydrotrihydroxyphenylphenalene was isolated from the resistant 'Pelipita' plantain variety in relatively high concentrations and its structure and relative [...] Read more.
A correlation has been established between production of specific phenylphenalenones and resistance of various banana and plantain varieties towards certain pathogens. In addition a dihydrotrihydroxyphenylphenalene was isolated from the resistant 'Pelipita' plantain variety in relatively high concentrations and its structure and relative configuration were assigned on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and NOE information. This compound is considered a key intermediate in the biosynthesis of phenylphenalenone phytoalexins. Full article
Open AccessArticle Synthesis and Rearrangement of 3-Methyl-1,4-pentadiyne-3-ol
Molecules 2002, 7(3), 341-352; doi:10.3390/70300341
Received: 8 March 2002 / Revised: 26 March 2002 / Accepted: 27 March 2002 / Published: 31 March 2002
Cited by 4 | PDF Full-text (94 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract An efficient synthesis and rearrangement of 3-methyl-1,4-pentadiyne-3-ol (1) using perrhenate- and Mo(VI)-catalysts is reported. The by-products 3,6-dimethyl-1,4,7-octatriyne-3,6-diol (2) and 3-ethynyl-5-methyl-1,6-heptadiyne-3,5-diol (3) were isolated and spectroscopically characterized. A possible reaction mechanism for the formation of the byproducts is discussed. Full article
Open AccessArticle Synthesis of 2,3-Dimethoxy-7-methyl-7,12-dihydro-6H-[1]-benzofuro-[2,3-c]-[1]-benzazepin-6,12-dione
Molecules 2002, 7(3), 353-362; doi:10.3390/70300353
Published: 31 March 2002
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (104 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract Treatment of 5,6-dimethoxy-2-(methylphenylcarbamoyl)-benzofuran-3-carboxylic acid with PPA yielded 2,3-dimethoxy-7-methyl-7,12-dihydro-6H-[1]-benzofuro-[2,3-c]-[1]-benzazepin-6,12-dione. The analogous 2-[(5,6-dimethoxybenzofuran-2-carbonyl)methylamino]benzoic acid was resistant to cyclization, whereas 2-[(6-methoxybenzofuran-2-carbonyl)-amino]benzoic acid underwent cyclization to the corresponding 3,1-benzoxazin-4-one. Full article
Open AccessArticle Substituted Amides of Pyrazine-2-carboxylic acids: Synthesis and Biological Activity
Molecules 2002, 7(3), 363-373; doi:10.3390/70300363
Received: 24 October 2001 / Revised: 12 March 2002 / Accepted: 22 March 2002 / Published: 31 March 2002
Cited by 24 | PDF Full-text (103 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Condensation of 6-chloro-, 5-tert-butyl- or 6-chloro-5-tert-butylpyrazine-2-carboxylic acid chloride with ring substituted anilines yielded a series of amides, which were tested for their in vitro antimycobacterial, antifungal and photosynthesis-inhibiting activities. The highest antituberculotic activity (72% inhibition) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis [...] Read more.
Condensation of 6-chloro-, 5-tert-butyl- or 6-chloro-5-tert-butylpyrazine-2-carboxylic acid chloride with ring substituted anilines yielded a series of amides, which were tested for their in vitro antimycobacterial, antifungal and photosynthesis-inhibiting activities. The highest antituberculotic activity (72% inhibition) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the highest lipophilicity (log P = 6.85) were shown by the 3,5-bistrifluoromethylphenyl amide of 5-tert-butyl-6-chloropyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (2o). The 3-methylphenyl amides of 6-chloro- and 5-tert-butyl-6-chloro-pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (2d and 2f) exhibited only a poor in vitro antifungal effect (MIC = 31.25-500 μmol·dm-3) against all strains tested, although the latter was the most active antialgal compound (IC50 = 0.063 mmol·dm-3). The most active inhibitor of oxygen evolution rate in spinach chloroplasts was the (3,5-bis-trifluoromethylphenyl)amide of 6-chloropyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (2m, IC50 = 0.026 mmol·dm-3). Full article

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