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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(2), 3656-3670; doi:10.3390/ijms14023656
Article

Rapid and Sensitive Determination of Timosaponin AIII in Rat Plasma by LC-MS/MS and Its Pharmacokinetic Application

1,2
,
2
,
1,* , 2,* , 2
 and
2
1 School of Pharmacy, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China 2 Experiment Center for Teaching and Learning, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2012 / Revised: 5 December 2012 / Accepted: 30 January 2013 / Published: 7 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant-Derived Pharmaceuticals by Molecular Farming 2012)
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Abstract

A rapid sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for determination of timosaponin AIII (TA-III) in rat plasma, using ginsenoside Re as an internal standard (IS). TA-III and the IS were detected in MRM mode with a negative ionization electrospray mass spectrometer. The calibration curves were linear over the concentration ranges from 11.14 to 1114 ng/mL and the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 11.14 ng/mL. Intra-day and inter-day precisions (RSD) were within 10%, and accuracy ranged from 6.4% to 9.1%. The extraction recovery at three concentrations ranged from 92.3% to 95.5%. The validated method was successfully applied to monitor the concentrations of TA-III in rat plasma after intragastric administration. The best fit pharmacokinetic model to estimate the pharmacokinetic parameters was a single compartment model with weight of 1/x2 for oral administration groups of rats for TA-III.
Keywords: timosaponin AIII; LC-MS/MS; rat plasma; pharmacokinetic study timosaponin AIII; LC-MS/MS; rat plasma; pharmacokinetic study
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Liu, Y.; Pu, Y.; Zhang, T.; Ding, Y.; Wang, B.; Cai, Z. Rapid and Sensitive Determination of Timosaponin AIII in Rat Plasma by LC-MS/MS and Its Pharmacokinetic Application. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 3656-3670.

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