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Sensors 2018, 18(8), 2629; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18082629

Automated Methodology for Dependability Evaluation of Wireless Visual Sensor Networks

1
INEGI/INESC-TEC—Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto (FEUP), 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
2
Department of Technology, State University of Feira de Santana (DTEC/UEFS), 44036-900 Feira de Santana, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2018 / Revised: 4 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dependable Monitoring in Wireless Sensor Networks)
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Abstract

Wireless sensor networks have been considered as an effective solution to a wide range of applications due to their prominent characteristics concerning information retrieving and distributed processing. When visual information can be also retrieved by sensor nodes, applications acquire a more comprehensive perception of monitored environments, fostering the creation of wireless visual sensor networks. As such networks are being more often considered for critical monitoring and control applications, usually related to catastrophic situation prevention, security enhancement and crises management, fault tolerance becomes a major expected service for visual sensor networks. A way to address this issue is to evaluate the system dependability through quantitative attributes (e.g., reliability and availability), which require a proper modeling strategy to describe the system behavior. That way, in this paper, we propose a methodology to model and evaluate the dependability of wireless visual sensor networks using Fault Tree Analysis and Markov Chains. The proposed modeling strategy considers hardware, battery, link and coverage failures, besides considering routing protocols on the network communication behavior. The methodology is automated by a framework developed and integrated with the SHARPE (Symbolic Hierarchical Automated Reliability and Performance Evaluator) tool. The achieved results show that this methodology is useful to compare different network implementations and the corresponding dependability, enabling the uncovering of potentially weak points in the network behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: dependability evaluation; availability; reliability; wireless visual sensor networks; fault tree analysis; Markov chains dependability evaluation; availability; reliability; wireless visual sensor networks; fault tree analysis; Markov chains
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Jesus, T.C.; Portugal, P.; Vasques, F.; Costa, D.G. Automated Methodology for Dependability Evaluation of Wireless Visual Sensor Networks. Sensors 2018, 18, 2629.

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