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Mar. Drugs 2013, 11(4), 1035-1049; doi:10.3390/md11041035

Diketopiperazine Derivatives from the Marine-Derived Actinomycete Streptomyces sp. FXJ7.328

2,*  and 1,*
1 Key Laboratory of Marine Drugs, Ministry of Education of China, School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China 2 State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2013 / Revised: 6 March 2013 / Accepted: 6 March 2013 / Published: 28 March 2013
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Five new diketopiperazine derivatives, (3Z,6E)-1-N-methyl-3-benzy lidene-6-(2S-methyl-3-hydroxypropylidene)piperazine-2,5-dione (1), (3Z,6E)-1-N-methyl-3-benzylidene-6-(2R-methyl-3-hydroxypropylidene)piperazine-2,5-dione (2), (3Z,6Z)-3- (4-hydroxybenzylidene)-6-isobutylidenepiperazine-2,5-dione (3), (3Z,6Z)-3-((1H-imidazol-5-yl)-methylene)-6-isobutylidenepiperazine-2,5-dione (4), and (3Z,6S)-3-benzylidene-6-(2S-but-2-yl)piperazine-2,5-dione (5), were isolated from the marine-derived actinomycete Streptomyces sp. FXJ7.328. The structures of 15 were determined by spectroscopic analysis, CD exciton chirality, the modified Mosher’s, Marfey’s and the C3 Marfey’s methods. Compound 3 showed modest antivirus activity against influenza A (H1N1) virus with an IC50 value of 41.5 ± 4.5 μM. In addition, compound 6 and 7 displayed potent anti-H1N1 activity with IC50 value of 28.9 ± 2.2 and 6.8 ± 1.5 μM, respectively. Due to the lack of corresponding data in the literature, the 13C NMR data of (3Z,6S)-3-benzylidene-6-isobutylpiperazine-2,5-dione (6) were also reported here for the first time.
Keywords: Streptomyces; diketopiperazine derivatives; antivirus activity; H1N1 Streptomyces; diketopiperazine derivatives; antivirus activity; H1N1
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Wang, P.; Xi, L.; Liu, P.; Wang, Y.; Wang, W.; Huang, Y.; Zhu, W. Diketopiperazine Derivatives from the Marine-Derived Actinomycete Streptomyces sp. FXJ7.328. Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 1035-1049.

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