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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(2), 1673-1693; doi:10.3390/ijerph110201673

Analysis of Ecological Quality of the Environment and Influencing Factors in China during 2005–2010

1
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2013 / Revised: 21 January 2014 / Accepted: 23 January 2014 / Published: 30 January 2014

Abstract

Since the twentieth century, China has been facing various kinds of environmental problems. It is necessary to evaluate and analyze the ecological status of the environment over China, which is of great importance for environmental protection measures. In this article, an Eco-environmental Quality Index (EQI) model is established using national remote sensing land-use data, NDVI data from MODIS and other statistical data. The model is used to evaluate the ecological status over China during 2005, 2008 and 2010, and spatial and temporal variations in EQI are analyzed during the period 2005–2010. We also discuss important factors affecting ecological quality, with special emphasis on meteorological conditions (including rainfall and sunshine duration) and anthropogenic factors (including normalized population and gross domestic product densities). The results show that, EQIs in northwestern China are generally lower than those in the southeast of the country, presenting a ladder-like distribution. There is significant correlation between EQI, rainfall and sunshine duration. Population density and GDP also have some relation to EQI. On the whole, the environmental quality results showed little variation during 2005–2010, with national average EQIs of 54.86, 55.07 and 54.43 in 2005, 2008 and 2010, respectively. During 2005–2010, differences in EQI were observed at the local level, but those at the provincial level were small. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological quality of environment; remote sensing and GIS; Eco-environmental Quality Index (EQI); ecological environmental change ecological quality of environment; remote sensing and GIS; Eco-environmental Quality Index (EQI); ecological environmental change
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, S.-X.; Yao, Y.; Zhou, Y. Analysis of Ecological Quality of the Environment and Influencing Factors in China during 2005–2010. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 1673-1693.

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