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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(4), 1720-1743; doi:10.3390/ijerph7041720

Improving Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviours with Single or Multiple Health Behaviour Interventions? A Synthesis of Meta-Analyses and Reviews

1
School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, 125 University Pr., Montpetit Hall, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada
2
School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, 125 University Pr., Montpetit Hall, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 March 2010 / Revised: 9 April 2010 / Accepted: 15 April 2010 / Published: 16 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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Abstract

Since multiple health behaviour interventions have gained popularity, it is important to investigate their effectiveness compared to single health behaviour interventions. This synthesis aims to determine whether single intervention (physical activity or dietary) or multiple interventions (physical activity and dietary) are more effective at increasing these behaviours by synthesizing reviews and meta-analyses. A sub-purpose also explored their impact on weight. Overall, reviews/meta-analyses showed that single health behaviour interventions were more effective at increasing the targeted behaviours, while multiple health behaviour interventions resulted in greater weight loss. This review may assist policies aiming at improving physical activity and nutrition and reversing the obesity epidemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: health behaviours; interventions; reviews; meta-analyses; physical activity; dietary behaviours health behaviours; interventions; reviews; meta-analyses; physical activity; dietary behaviours
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sweet, S.N.; Fortier, M.S. Improving Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviours with Single or Multiple Health Behaviour Interventions? A Synthesis of Meta-Analyses and Reviews. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1720-1743.

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