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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(2), 590-612; doi:10.3390/ijerph8020590

Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies

1
Laboratory of Nutrition and Behavior, Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
2
Nutrition Course, University of Ribeirão Preto, Av. Costábile Romano, 2.201, Bloco U, 14096-900, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
The authors contributed equally to the study.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2011 / Revised: 26 January 2011 / Accepted: 10 February 2011 / Published: 23 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Malnutrition and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [361 KB, 19 June 2014; original version 19 June 2014]

Abstract

Malnutrition continues to be recognized as the most common and serious form of children’s dietary disease in the developing countries and is one of the principal factors affecting brain development. The purpose of this paper is to review human and animal studies relating malnutrition to cognitive development, focusing in correlational and interventional data, and to provide a discussion of possible mechanisms by which malnutrition affects cognition.
Keywords: malnutrition; development; protein deprivation; cognition; environment malnutrition; development; protein deprivation; cognition; environment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Laus, M.F.; Duarte Manhas Ferreira Vales, L.; Braga Costa, T.M.; Sousa Almeida, S. Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 590-612.

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