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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(9), 3286-3297; doi:10.3390/ijerph9093286

Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival

2,3,* , 4
1 Department of Community Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand 2 HIV/AIDS/SIT/and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa 3 Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa 4 Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo, Medunsa Campus, Pretoria 0204, South Africa 5 Health Promotion Region 10, Ministry of Public Health, Chiang Mai 5000, Thailand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2012 / Revised: 20 August 2012 / Accepted: 4 September 2012 / Published: 10 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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The aim of this study was to assess helmet use and associated factors among motorcycle riders during Songkran festival in Thailand. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of helmet use among Thai motorcycle riders (sample size = 18,998) during four days of the Songkran festival. For this sample, the population of motorcycle riders was consecutively selected using quota sampling from 12 petrol stations in four provinces from each of the four main geographical regions of Thailand. The study was conducted at petrol stations at roads in town, outside town and highway at different time intervals when trained field staff administered a structured questionnaire and performed an observation checklist. Results indicate that 44.2% of the motorcycle riders and 72.5% of the motorcycle passengers had not been using a helmet. In multivariable analysis demographics, environmental factors, helmet use experiences and attitudes and recalling a lower exposure to road safety awareness (RSA) campaign were associated with non-helmet use among motorcyclists. It appears that the RSA campaign may have some positive effect on reducing non-helmet use among motorcycle riders during the Songkran festival.
Keywords: helmet use; motorcyclists; road safety awareness campaign; Thailand helmet use; motorcyclists; road safety awareness campaign; Thailand
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Siviroj, P.; Peltzer, K.; Pengpid, S.; Morarit, S. Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3286-3297.

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