Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Bearing Capacity and Stiffness in New Steel Sets Used for Roadway Support in Coal Mines
Previous Article in Journal
Self-Powered Electrochemical Lactate Biosensing
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2017, 10(10), 1572; doi:10.3390/en10101572

Intermittent Smoothing Approaches for Wind Power Output: A Review

Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Department of Electrical Engineering, NFC IET, Multan 60000, Pakistan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rui Xiong
Received: 12 September 2017 / Revised: 3 October 2017 / Accepted: 6 October 2017 / Published: 12 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3276 KB, uploaded 20 October 2017]   |  


Wind energy is one of the most common types of renewable energy resource. Due to its sustainability and environmental benefits, it is an emerging source for electric power generation. Rapid and random changes of wind speed makes it an irregular and inconsistent power source when connected to the grid, causing different technical problems in protection, power quality and generation dispatch control. Due to these problems, effective intermittent smoothing approaches for wind power output are crucially needed to minimize such problems. This paper reviews various intermittent smoothing approaches used in smoothing the output power fluctuations caused by wind energy. Problems associated with the inclusion of wind energy resources to grid are also briefly reviewed. From this review, it has been found that battery energy storage system is the most suitable and effective smoothing approach, provided that an effective control strategy is available for optimal utilization of battery energy system. This paper further demonstrates different control strategies built for battery energy storage system to obtain the smooth output wind power. View Full-Text
Keywords: intermittent sources; power fluctuations; voltage variations; frequency variations; power smoothing; battery energy storage system (BESS) intermittent sources; power fluctuations; voltage variations; frequency variations; power smoothing; battery energy storage system (BESS)

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jabir, M.; Azil Illias, H.; Raza, S.; Mokhlis, H. Intermittent Smoothing Approaches for Wind Power Output: A Review. Energies 2017, 10, 1572.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top