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Energies 2017, 10(12), 2071; doi:10.3390/en10122071

Adaptive Marginal Costs-Based Distributed Economic Control of Microgrid Clusters Considering Line Loss

School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China
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Received: 23 November 2017 / Revised: 30 November 2017 / Accepted: 1 December 2017 / Published: 6 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

When several microgrids (MG) are interconnected into microgrid clusters (MGC), they have great potential to improve their reliability. Traditional droop control tends to make the total operating costs higher as the power is distributed by capacity ratios of distributed energy resources (DERs). This paper proposes an adaptive distributed economic control for islanded microgrids which considers line loss, specifically, an interesting marginal costs-based economic droop control is proposed, and consensus-based adaptive controller is applied, to deal with power limits and capacity constraints for storage. The whole expense can be effectively lowered by achieving identical marginal costs for DERs in MGC. Specially, the capacity constraints only for storages are also included to do further optimization. Moreover, consensus-based distributed secondary controllers are used to rapidly restore system frequency and voltage magnitudes. The above controllers only need to interact with neighbor DERs by a sparse communication network, eliminating the necessity of a central controller and enhancing the stability. A MGC, incorporating three microgrids, is used to verify the effectiveness of the proposed methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: microgrid clusters; marginal costs; line loss; consensus algorithm; distributed economic control; distributed secondary controllers microgrid clusters; marginal costs; line loss; consensus algorithm; distributed economic control; distributed secondary controllers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, X.; Ai, Q.; Wang, H. Adaptive Marginal Costs-Based Distributed Economic Control of Microgrid Clusters Considering Line Loss. Energies 2017, 10, 2071.

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