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Materials 2013, 6(4), 1333-1359; doi:10.3390/ma6041333

How Can Nanotechnology Help to Repair the Body? Advances in Cardiac, Skin, Bone, Cartilage and Nerve Tissue Regeneration

1,* , 2
1 Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas, S/N, Jaén 23071, Spain 2 Research Unit, University Hospital "Virgen de las Nieves", Avda. de las Fuerzas Armadas, 2, Granada 18014, Spain 3 Biopathology and Regenerative Medicine Institute (IBIMER), University of Granada, Avda. del Conocimiento S/N. CP Armilla, Granada 18100, Spain 4 Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, University of Granada, Avda. De Madrid, 11, Granada 18012, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 January 2013 / Revised: 20 March 2013 / Accepted: 20 March 2013 / Published: 28 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nanoscale Biomaterials)
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Nanotechnologists have become involved in regenerative medicine via creation of biomaterials and nanostructures with potential clinical implications. Their aim is to develop systems that can mimic, reinforce or even create in vivo tissue repair strategies. In fact, in the last decade, important advances in the field of tissue engineering, cell therapy and cell delivery have already been achieved. In this review, we will delve into the latest research advances and discuss whether cell and/or tissue repair devices are a possibility. Focusing on the application of nanotechnology in tissue engineering research, this review highlights recent advances in the application of nano-engineered scaffolds designed to replace or restore the followed tissues: (i) skin; (ii) cartilage; (iii) bone; (iv) nerve; and (v) cardiac.
Keywords: nanotechnology; bio-scaffold; tissue engineering; nanostructures nanotechnology; bio-scaffold; tissue engineering; nanostructures
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Perán, M.; García, M.A.; Lopez-Ruiz, E.; Jiménez, G.; Marchal, J.A. How Can Nanotechnology Help to Repair the Body? Advances in Cardiac, Skin, Bone, Cartilage and Nerve Tissue Regeneration. Materials 2013, 6, 1333-1359.

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