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Materials 2013, 6(5), 1745-1766; doi:10.3390/ma6051745

Nanofibrillated Cellulose Surface Modification: A Review

Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Papetiers (LGP2)—Laboratory of Pulp, Paper and Graphic arts sciences, UMR CNRS 5518, Grenoble INP-Pagora-461, rue de la papeterie, 38402 Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2013 / Revised: 17 April 2013 / Accepted: 22 April 2013 / Published: 3 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Cellulosic Materials)
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Interest in nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) has increased notably over recent decades. This bio-based nanomaterial has been used essentially in bionanocomposites or in paper thanks to its high mechanical reinforcement ability or barrier property respectively. Its nano-scale dimensions and its capacity to form a strong entangled nanoporous network have encouraged the emergence of new high-value applications. It is worth noting that chemical surface modification of this material can be a key factor to achieve a better compatibility with matrices. In order to increase the compatibility in different matrices or to add new functions, surface chemical modification of NFC appears to be the prior choice to conserve its intrinsic nanofibre properties. In this review, the authors have proposed for the first time an overview of all chemical grafting strategies used to date on nanofibrillated cellulose with focus on surface modification such as physical adsorption, molecular grafting or polymer grafting.
Keywords: nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC); physical adsorption; chemical surface modification; polymer grafting nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC); physical adsorption; chemical surface modification; polymer grafting
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Missoum, K.; Belgacem, M.N.; Bras, J. Nanofibrillated Cellulose Surface Modification: A Review. Materials 2013, 6, 1745-1766.

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