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Materials 2013, 6(6), 2497-2507; doi:10.3390/ma6062497
Article

Mechanism of Generation of ZnO Microstructures by Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Approach

1
,
2
 and
1,2,*
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA 2 Department of Biomedical Engineering, 5045 ETB, Texas A&M University, TX 77843, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 March 2013 / Revised: 21 May 2013 / Accepted: 13 June 2013 / Published: 18 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
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Abstract

In this report, a technique for rapid synthesis of ZnO microstructures by microwave-assisted heating of precursors at hydrothermal conditions is demonstrated. Further, the reaction mechanism for the growth of ZnO microstructures is analyzed. An accelerated rate of reaction obtained using microwaves enables a dissolution-recrystallization mechanism for generation of one dimensional (1D) rod-like structures, thereby showing that time of reaction can be used to dictate ZnO microstructure morphology.
Keywords: microwave-assisted; zinc oxide; hydrothermal; hemimorphite microwave-assisted; zinc oxide; hydrothermal; hemimorphite
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Majithia, R.; Speich, J.; Meissner, K.E. Mechanism of Generation of ZnO Microstructures by Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Approach. Materials 2013, 6, 2497-2507.

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