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Materials 2013, 6(7), 2892-2957; doi:10.3390/ma6072892
Review

Self-Ordered Titanium Dioxide Nanotube Arrays: Anodic Synthesis and Their Photo/Electro-Catalytic Applications

1
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1
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1
,
1
 and
1,2,*
1 Metallurgical Engineering Department, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA 2 Chemical Engineering Department, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2013 / Revised: 2 May 2013 / Accepted: 5 June 2013 / Published: 16 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Catalytic Materials)
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Abstract

Metal oxide nanotubes have become a widely investigated material, more specifically, self-organized titania nanotube arrays synthesized by electrochemical anodization. As a highly investigated material with a wide gamut of applications, the majority of published literature focuses on the solar-based applications of this material. The scope of this review summarizes some of the recent advances made using metal oxide nanotube arrays formed via anodization in solar-based applications. A general methodology for theoretical modeling of titania surfaces in solar applications is also presented.
Keywords: anodization; metal oxide nanotube arrays; photoelectrochemistry; photocatalysis; density functional theory anodization; metal oxide nanotube arrays; photoelectrochemistry; photocatalysis; density functional theory
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Smith, Y.R.; Ray, R.S.; Carlson, K.; Sarma, B.; Misra, M. Self-Ordered Titanium Dioxide Nanotube Arrays: Anodic Synthesis and Their Photo/Electro-Catalytic Applications. Materials 2013, 6, 2892-2957.

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