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Forests 2017, 8(4), 121; doi:10.3390/f8040121

Epidemiological History of Cypress Canker Disease in Source and Invasion Sites

Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, National Research Council, Via Madonna del Piano 10, Sesto Fiorentino, Florence 50019, Italy
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Academic Editors: Matteo Garbelotto and Paolo Gonthier
Received: 27 February 2017 / Revised: 11 April 2017 / Accepted: 12 April 2017 / Published: 15 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Pathology and Plant Health)
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Abstract

Seiridium cardinale is a fungal pathogen responsible for pandemic cypress canker disease (CCD). The fungus has shown the ability to infect different hosts in many areas throughout the globe, but its spread and impact were favored by conducive environmental conditions. The most severe epidemics were reported in California and the Mediterranean, the former considered the source area of the pathogen from which the Mediterranean infestation have originated. Here we reconstruct the epidemiological history of the disease in California and the Mediterranean. Evolution of the disease in the two contrasting areas was weighed in relation to differences between the two environments in terms of climate, landscape properties, and adopted management practices. In addition, differences emerged among the source and invasive populations in terms of genetic and phenotypic variability, structure, and mode of reproduction allow a few comments to be made about the environmental implications and related quarantine of new introductory events. View Full-Text
Keywords: Seiridium cardinale; fungal pathogen; Cupressus; alien species; landscape properties; population genetic; phenotypic traits; disease management; resistance Seiridium cardinale; fungal pathogen; Cupressus; alien species; landscape properties; population genetic; phenotypic traits; disease management; resistance
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Danti, R.; Della Rocca, G. Epidemiological History of Cypress Canker Disease in Source and Invasion Sites. Forests 2017, 8, 121.

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