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Forests 2017, 8(4), 125; doi:10.3390/f8040125

REDD+ Contribution to Well-Being and Income Is Marginal: The Perspective of Local Stakeholders

1
Center for International Forestry Research, Jalan Cifor, Situ Gede, Bogor Barat, Jawa Barat 16115, Indonesia
2
Swiss Federal Office for the Environment, Worblentalstrasse 68, 3063 Ittigen, CH-3003 Bern, Switzerland
3
Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jalan Gatot Subroto No.10, Jakarta Selatan 12710, Indonesia
4
Fireman Hospitality Group, 310 Greenwich Street, New York, NY 10013, USA
5
Conservation Strategy Fund, Sahid Sudirman Center, 11th Floor, Suite 11A. Jalan Jendral Sudirman 86, Jakarta 10220, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timothy A. Martin
Received: 2 February 2017 / Revised: 15 March 2017 / Accepted: 23 March 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2214 KB, uploaded 21 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

In addition to being a global strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from tropical deforestation, Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) intends to protect and improve the well-being and income of local stakeholders. The intention is to provide livelihood support in exchange for local stakeholder involvement in protecting forests. Eleven years after the launch of REDD+ at COP 11 in Montreal, the degree of success in meeting well-being and income goals is examined in six countries (Brazil, Peru, Cameroon, Tanzania, Indonesia, Vietnam) at 22 initiatives, 149 villages, and approximately 4000 households through a counter-factual approach. Half the villages and households are inside and half are outside the sphere of REDD+. Measurements are made at two points in time (2010–2012, and 2013–2014). This paper focuses on measurement of the subjective perception of local stakeholders. The study finds that REDD+ has not contributed significantly to perceived well-being and income sufficiency, in spite of the fact that most households have not only engaged with REDD+ interventions, but view them favorably. REDD+’s limited achievement to date is due to unavailability of funding, among other obstacles. Recommendations are made for enhanced attention to well-being and income sufficiency in the event that REDD+ eventually takes off. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest; deforestation; climate change; REDD+; livelihood; income; well-being; subjective well-being; difference-in-difference forest; deforestation; climate change; REDD+; livelihood; income; well-being; subjective well-being; difference-in-difference
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sunderlin, W.D.; de Sassi, C.; Ekaputri, A.D.; Light, M.; Pratama, C.D. REDD+ Contribution to Well-Being and Income Is Marginal: The Perspective of Local Stakeholders. Forests 2017, 8, 125.

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