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Viruses 2017, 9(12), 373; doi:10.3390/v9120373

Genomic Characterisation of Vinegar Hill Virus, An Australian Nairovirus Isolated in 1983 from Argas Robertsi Ticks Collected from Cattle Egrets

1
Land Division, Defence Science & Technology Group, Fishermans Bend, Victoria 3207, Australia
2
Formerly: Long Pocket Laboratories, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Indooroopilly, Queensland 4068, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 28 November 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1834 KB, uploaded 5 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

This report describes the near complete genomic sequence and subsequent analysis of Vinegar Hill virus (VINHV; tentative member of the genus Orthonairovirus, family Nairoviridae, order Bunyavirales). VINHV is the second nairovirus reported to be isolated on mainland Australia and the first to be sequenced and analysed. Our genetic analysis shows that VINHV belongs to the Dera Ghazi Khan genogroup, a group of viruses previously isolated in other parts of the world including Asia, South Africa, and the USA. We discuss possible routes of entry for nairoviruses into Australia and the need to understand the virome of Australian ticks in the context of new and emerging disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bunyavirales; Nairoviridae; Orthonairovirus; virus; ticks; genome; characterisation; Australia Bunyavirales; Nairoviridae; Orthonairovirus; virus; ticks; genome; characterisation; Australia
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gauci, P.J.; McAllister, J.; Mitchell, I.R.; Cybinski, D.; St George, T.; Gubala, A.J. Genomic Characterisation of Vinegar Hill Virus, An Australian Nairovirus Isolated in 1983 from Argas Robertsi Ticks Collected from Cattle Egrets. Viruses 2017, 9, 373.

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