Next Article in Journal
Wheat Cultivar Performance and Stability between No-Till and Conventional Tillage Systems in the Pacific Northwest of the United States
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Powdered Activated Carbon to Reduce Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors: A Sustainable Solution. Case Study
Previous Article in Journal
Landscape Evaluation for Restoration Planning on the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, USA
Previous Article in Special Issue
Community Engagement and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Kaikōura’s Biosolid Reuse Options
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2013, 5(3), 841-881; doi:10.3390/su5030841

Policy Instruments towards a Sustainable Waste Management

KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Built Environment, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, Division of Environmental Strategies Research, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, PO Box 530 21, SE-400 14 Stockholm, Sweden
Profu AB, Årstaängsvägen 1A, SE-117 43 Stockholm, Sweden
Chalmers University of Technology, Environmental Systems Analysis, Energy and Environment, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden
Profu AB, Götaforsliden 13, SE-43134 Mölndal, Sweden
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, P.O. Box 210 60, SE-100 31 Stockholm, Sweden
Luleå University of Technology, Economics Unit, SE-971 87 Luleå, Sweden
Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, University of Gävle, SE-800 76, Gävle, Sweden
Konjunkturinstitutet, P.O. Box 3116, SE-103 62 Stockholm, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 December 2012 / Revised: 15 February 2013 / Accepted: 18 February 2013 / Published: 27 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Waste Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [391 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  


The aim of this paper is to suggest and discuss policy instruments that could lead towards a more sustainable waste management. The paper is based on evaluations from a large scale multi-disciplinary Swedish research program. The evaluations focus on environmental and economic impacts as well as social acceptance. The focus is on the Swedish waste management system but the results should be relevant also for other countries. Through the assessments and lessons learned during the research program we conclude that several policy instruments can be effective and possible to implement. Particularly, we put forward the following policy instruments: “Information”; “Compulsory recycling of recyclable materials”; “Weight-based waste fee in combination with information and developed recycling systems”; “Mandatory labeling of products containing hazardous chemicals”, “Advertisements on request only and other waste minimization measures”; and “Differentiated VAT and subsidies for some services”. Compulsory recycling of recyclable materials is the policy instrument that has the largest potential for decreasing the environmental impacts with the configurations studied here. The effects of the other policy instruments studied may be more limited and they typically need to be implemented in combination in order to have more significant impacts. Furthermore, policy makers need to take into account market and international aspects when implementing new instruments. In the more long term perspective, the above set of policy instruments may also need to be complemented with more transformational policy instruments that can significantly decrease the generation of waste. View Full-Text
Keywords: policy instruments; landfilling; incineration; recycling; waste minimization policy instruments; landfilling; incineration; recycling; waste minimization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Finnveden, G.; Ekvall, T.; Arushanyan, Y.; Bisaillon, M.; Henriksson, G.; Gunnarsson Östling, U.; Söderman, M.L.; Sahlin, J.; Stenmarck, Å.; Sundberg, J.; Sundqvist, J.-O.; Svenfelt, Å.; Söderholm, P.; Björklund, A.; Eriksson, O.; Forsfält, T.; Guath, M. Policy Instruments towards a Sustainable Waste Management. Sustainability 2013, 5, 841-881.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top