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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 437; doi:10.3390/su9030437

The Diversification Benefits of Including Carbon Assets in Financial Portfolios

School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
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Academic Editor: Yongrok Choi
Received: 21 January 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 14 March 2017 / Published: 19 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

Carbon allowances traded in the EU-Emission Trading Scheme (EU-ETS) were initially designed as an economic motivation for efficiently curbing greenhouse as emissions, but now it mimics quite a few characteristics of financial assets, and have now been used as a candidate product in building financial portfolios. In this study, we examine the time-varying correlations between carbon allowance prices with other financial indices, during the third phase of EU-ETS. The results show that, at the beginning of this period, carbon price was still strongly corrected with other financial indices. However, this connection was weakened over time. Given the relative independence of carbon assets from other financial assets, we argue for the diversification benefits of including carbon assets in financial portfolios, and building such portfolios, respectively, with the traditional global minimum variance (GMV) strategy, the mean-variance-OGARCH (MV-OGARCH) strategy, and the dynamic conditional correlation (DCC) strategy. It is shown that the portfolio built with the MV-OGARCH strategy far out-performs the others and that including carbon assets in financial portfolios does help reduce investment risks. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon market; portfolio optimization; MV-OGARCH model; dynamic conditional correlation model carbon market; portfolio optimization; MV-OGARCH model; dynamic conditional correlation model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, Y.; Liu, Z.; Yu, X. The Diversification Benefits of Including Carbon Assets in Financial Portfolios. Sustainability 2017, 9, 437.

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