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Nutrients 2017, 9(10), 1120; doi:10.3390/nu9101120

Vitamin D and Age-Related Macular Degeneration

1
Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarra, 31009 Pamplona, Spain
2
Dipartimento di Scienze Otorinolaringoiatriche e Oftalmologiche, Universita’ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Lgo F. Vito 1, 00168 Roma, Italy
3
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
4
School of Pharmacy and Optometry, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
5
Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, M13 9WL Manchester, and Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
6
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, D-53107 Bonn, Germany
7
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospitals Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
8
Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Life Sciences (IBILI), University of Coimbra, 3000-548 Coimbra, Portugal
9
Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra (CHUC), Department of Ophthalmology, 3000-548 Coimbra, Portugal
10
Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra (CHUC), Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Life Sciences (IBILI-FMUC), University of Coimbra, 3000-548 Coimbra, Portugal
11
Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra (CHUC), Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light and Image (AIBILI), 3000-548 Coimbra, Portugal
12
University of Bordeaux, INSERM, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, Team LEHA, UMR 1219, F-33000 Bordeaux, France
13
Hôpital Intercommunal de Créteil, University Paris Est, 94010 Créteil, France
14
Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
15
Ophthalmic Epidemiology and Genetics Service, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2017 / Revised: 3 October 2017 / Accepted: 6 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Changing Times for Vitamin D and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1162 KB, uploaded 13 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

In recent years, the relationship between vitamin D and health has received growing attention from the scientific and medical communities. Vitamin D deficiencies have been repeatedly associated with various acute and chronic diseases, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Its active metabolite, 1α,25-dihydoxy vitamin D, acts as a modulator of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis, and cumulative data from experimental and observational studies suggest that relatively a lower vitamin D status could be a potential risk factor for the development of early and/or late AMD. Herein, we made a narrative review of the mechanisms linking a potential role of vitamin D with the current concepts of AMD pathophysiology. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D; age-related macular degeneration; inflammation; angiogenesis vitamin D; age-related macular degeneration; inflammation; angiogenesis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Layana, A.G.; Minnella, A.M.; Garhöfer, G.; Aslam, T.; Holz, F.G.; Leys, A.; Silva, R.; Delcourt, C.; Souied, E.; Seddon, J.M. Vitamin D and Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1120.

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