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Nutrients 2017, 9(5), 512; doi:10.3390/nu9050512

Sleep-Promoting Effects and Possible Mechanisms of Action Associated with a Standardized Rice Bran Supplement

1
Division of Functional Food Research, Korea Food Research Institute, Seongnam 13539, Korea
2
S&D Research and Development Institute, Osong 28156, Korea
3
Department of tourism Food Service Cuisine, Hallym Polytechinic University, Chuncheon 24210, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 April 2017 / Revised: 15 May 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 18 May 2017
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Abstract

Natural sleep aids are becoming more popular due to the widespread occurrence of sleep disorders. The objective of this study was to assess the sleep-promoting effects of rice bran—a product that is considered as a functional ingredient. To evaluate the sleep-promoting effects of a standardized rice bran supplement (RBS), we employed a pentobarbital-induced sleep test and conducted analyses of sleep architecture. In addition, the effect of RBS on a caffeine-induced sleep disturbance was investigated. Oral administration of RBS (500 and 1000 mg/kg) produced a significant decrease in sleep latency and increase in sleep duration in pentobarbital-induced sleep in mice. Moreover, both RBS (1000 mg/kg) and doxepin hydrochloride (histamine H1 receptor antagonist, 30 mg/kg) counteracted a caffeine-induced sleep disturbance in mice. In terms of sleep phases, RBS (500 mg/kg) promoted non-rapid eye movement sleep for the first 3 h following its administration. Lastly, we unveiled a possible mechanism for RBS action as the hypnotic effect of RBS was blocked by a histamine H1 receptor agonist. The present study revealed sleep-promoting effects of RBS using various animal assays. Such effects seem to be mediated through the histaminergic system. Our findings suggest that RBS may be a promising natural aid for relieving sleep problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: rice bran; hypnotic; sleep-promoting; caffeine-induced arousal; histaminergic rice bran; hypnotic; sleep-promoting; caffeine-induced arousal; histaminergic
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, H.; Yoon, M.; Um, M.Y.; Lee, J.; Jung, J.; Lee, C.; Kim, Y.-T.; Kwon, S.; Kim, B.; Cho, S. Sleep-Promoting Effects and Possible Mechanisms of Action Associated with a Standardized Rice Bran Supplement. Nutrients 2017, 9, 512.

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