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Games 2017, 8(3), 28; doi:10.3390/g8030028

Reacting to Unfairness: Group Identity and Dishonest Behavior

1
EURAC Research, Institute for Renewable Energy, G.-Di-Vittorio Strasse/Via G. Di Vittorio 16, 39100 Bolzano/Bozen, Italy
2
CEEL/DEM, University of Trento, Via Inama 5, 38122 Trento, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 June 2017 / Revised: 7 July 2017 / Accepted: 7 July 2017 / Published: 14 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ethics, Morality, and Game Theory)
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Abstract

We experimentally investigate whether individuals are more likely to engage in dishonest behavior after having experienced unfairness perpetrated by an individual with a salient group identity. Two individuals generate an endowment together, but only one can decide how to share it. They either share the same group identity or have distinct group identities. Then, they approach a task in which they can opportunistically engage in dishonest behavior. Our results show that when individuals share the same group identity, unfair distributive decisions do not trigger a dishonest reaction. In contrast, when different group identities coexist, dishonest behavior is observed as a reaction to unfairness. View Full-Text
Keywords: group identity; fairness; dishonesty group identity; fairness; dishonesty
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Della Valle, N.; Ploner, M. Reacting to Unfairness: Group Identity and Dishonest Behavior. Games 2017, 8, 28.

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