Monitoring Moisture Damage Propagation in GFRP Composites Using Carbon Nanoparticles
AbstractGlass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) composites are widely used in infrastructure applications including water structures due to their relatively high durability, high strength to weight ratio, and non-corrosiveness. Here we demonstrate the potential use of carbon nanoparticles dispersed during GFRP composite fabrication to reduce water absorption of GFRP and to enable monitoring of moisture damage propagation in GFRP composites. GFRP coupons incorporating 2.0 wt % carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and 2.0 wt % multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were fabricated in order to study the effect of moisture damage on mechanical properties of GFRP. Water absorption tests were carried out by immersing the GFRP coupons in a seawater bath at two temperatures for a time period of three months. Effects of water immersion on the mechanical properties and glass transition temperature of GFRP were investigated. Furthermore, moisture damage in GFRP was monitored by measuring the electrical conductivity of the GFRP coupons. It was shown that carbon nanoparticles can provide a means of self-sensing that enables the monitoring of moisture damage in GFRP. Despite the success of the proposed technique, it might not be able to efficiently describe moisture damage propagation in GFRP beyond a specific threshold because of the relatively high electrical conductivity of seawater. Microstructural investigations using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) explained the significance of seawater immersion time and temperature on the different levels of moisture damage in GFRP. View Full-Text
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Al-Sabagh, A.; Taha, E.; Kandil, U.; Awadallah, A.; Nasr, G.-A.M.; Reda Taha, M. Monitoring Moisture Damage Propagation in GFRP Composites Using Carbon Nanoparticles. Polymers 2017, 9, 94.
Al-Sabagh A, Taha E, Kandil U, Awadallah A, Nasr G-AM, Reda Taha M. Monitoring Moisture Damage Propagation in GFRP Composites Using Carbon Nanoparticles. Polymers. 2017; 9(3):94.Chicago/Turabian Style
Al-Sabagh, Ahmed; Taha, Eman; Kandil, Usama; Awadallah, Ahmed; Nasr, Gamal-abdelnaser M.; Reda Taha, Mahmoud. 2017. "Monitoring Moisture Damage Propagation in GFRP Composites Using Carbon Nanoparticles." Polymers 9, no. 3: 94.
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