Linking Metabolic Abnormalities to Apoptotic Pathways in Beta Cells in Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractPancreatic beta-cell apoptosis is an important feature of islets in type 2 diabetes. Apoptosis can occur through two major pathways, the extrinsic or death receptor mediated pathway, and the intrinsic or Bcl-2-regulated pathway. Hyperglycaemia, hyperlipidaemia and islet amyloid poly-peptide (IAPP) represent important possible causes of increased beta-cell apoptosis. Hyperglycaemia induces islet-cell apoptosis by the intrinsic pathway involving molecules of the Bcl-2 family. High concentrations of palmitate also activate intrinsic apoptosis in islets cells. IAPP oligomers can induce apoptosis by both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. IL-1b produced through NLRP3 inflammasome activation can also induce islet cell death. Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome may not be important for glucose or palmitate induced apoptosis in islets but may be important for IAPP mediated cell death. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and oxidative stress have been observed in beta cells in type 2 diabetes, and these could be the link between upstream metabolic abnormalities and downstream apoptotic machinery.
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Wali, J.A.; Masters, S.L.; Thomas, H.E. Linking Metabolic Abnormalities to Apoptotic Pathways in Beta Cells in Type 2 Diabetes. Cells 2013, 2, 266-283.
Wali JA, Masters SL, Thomas HE. Linking Metabolic Abnormalities to Apoptotic Pathways in Beta Cells in Type 2 Diabetes. Cells. 2013; 2(2):266-283.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wali, Jibran A.; Masters, Seth L.; Thomas, Helen E. 2013. "Linking Metabolic Abnormalities to Apoptotic Pathways in Beta Cells in Type 2 Diabetes." Cells 2, no. 2: 266-283.