Characterization and Expression Profiling of Camellia sinensis Cinnamate 4-hydroxylase Genes in Phenylpropanoid Pathways
AbstractCinnamate 4-hydroxylase (C4H), a cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase, participates in the synthesis of numerous polyphenoid compounds, such as flavonoids and lignins. However, the C4H gene number and function in tea plants are not clear. We screened all available transcriptome and genome databases of tea plants and three C4H genes were identified and named CsC4Ha, CsC4Hb, and CsC4Hc, respectively. Both CsC4Ha and CsC4Hb have 1518-bp open reading frames that encode 505-amino acid proteins. CsC4Hc has a 1635-bp open reading frame that encodes a 544-amino acid protein. Enzymatic analysis of recombinant proteins expressed in yeast showed that the three enzymes catalyzed the formation of p-coumaric acid (4-hydroxy trans-cinnamic acid) from trans-cinnamic acid. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis showed that CsC4Ha was highly expressed in the 4th leaf, CsC4Hb was highly expressed in tender leaves, while CsC4Hc was highly expressed in the young stems. The three CsC4Hs were induced with varying degrees by abiotic stress treatments. These results suggest they may have different subcellular localization and different physiological functions. View Full-Text
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Xia, J.; Liu, Y.; Yao, S.; Li, M.; Zhu, M.; Huang, K.; Gao, L.; Xia, T. Characterization and Expression Profiling of Camellia sinensis Cinnamate 4-hydroxylase Genes in Phenylpropanoid Pathways. Genes 2017, 8, 193.
Xia J, Liu Y, Yao S, Li M, Zhu M, Huang K, Gao L, Xia T. Characterization and Expression Profiling of Camellia sinensis Cinnamate 4-hydroxylase Genes in Phenylpropanoid Pathways. Genes. 2017; 8(8):193.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xia, Jinxin; Liu, Yajun; Yao, Shengbo; Li, Ming; Zhu, Mengqing; Huang, Keyi; Gao, Liping; Xia, Tao. 2017. "Characterization and Expression Profiling of Camellia sinensis Cinnamate 4-hydroxylase Genes in Phenylpropanoid Pathways." Genes 8, no. 8: 193.
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