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Sports 2013, 1(4), 78-113; doi:10.3390/sports1040078
Review

Materials, Designs and Standards Used in Ski-Boots for Alpine Skiing

* ,
 and
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, Via Terracini 28, Bologna 40131, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2013 / Revised: 3 October 2013 / Accepted: 3 October 2013 / Published: 21 October 2013

Abstract

This review article reports the recent advances in the study, design and production of ski-boots for alpine skiing. An overview of the different designs and the materials used in ski-boot construction is provided giving particular emphasis to the effect of these parameters on the final performances and on the prevention of injuries. The use of specific materials for ski-boots dedicated to different disciplines (race skiing, mogul skiing, ski-mountaineering etc.) has been correlated with the chemical and physical properties of the polymeric materials employed. A review of the scientific literature and the most interesting patents is also presented, correlating the results reported with the performances and industrial production of ski-boots. Suggestions for new studies and the use of advanced materials are also provided. A final section dedicated to the standards involved in ski-boot design completes this review article.
Keywords: ski-boots; alpine skiing; ski-boot materials; ski-boot design; ISO standards ski-boots; alpine skiing; ski-boot materials; ski-boot design; ISO standards
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Colonna, M.; Nicotra, M.; Moncalero, M. Materials, Designs and Standards Used in Ski-Boots for Alpine Skiing. Sports 2013, 1, 78-113.

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