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Metals 2017, 7(10), 421; doi:10.3390/met7100421

The Effect of Vibration during Friction Stir Welding on Corrosion Behavior, Mechanical Properties, and Machining Characteristics of Stir Zone

1
Faculty of Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan 8731753153, Iran
2
School of Engineering, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Built Environment, Deakin University, Geelong 3216, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 July 2017 / Revised: 18 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 10 October 2017
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Abstract

Different methods have been applied to refine various characteristics of the zone (or nugget) obtained by friction stir welding (FSW). In the current research, joining components are vibrated normal to the weld line during FSW to refine the zone microstructure. This process is described as friction stir vibration welding (FSVW). The effect of FSVW on mechanical properties, corrosion behavior, and machining characteristics of the zone are investigated. Al5052 alloy specimens are welded using FSW and FSVW processes and their different characteristics are compared and discussed. The results show that the strength and ductility of the welded parts increase when the vibration is applied. The outcomes also show that corrosion resistance of the nugget for FSV-welded specimens is lower than FS welded samples, and machining force of the former specimens is higher than the latter ones. These are related to smaller grain size in the zone of FSV-welded specimens compared to FS welded parts. Smaller grain size leads to a greater volume fraction of grain boundaries and, correspondingly, higher strength and hardness, as well as lower corrosion resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: friction stir welding; friction stir vibration welding; mechanical properties; corrosion resistance; machining friction stir welding; friction stir vibration welding; mechanical properties; corrosion resistance; machining
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fouladi, S.; Ghasemi, A.H.; Abbasi, M.; Abedini, M.; Khorasani, A.M.; Gibson, I. The Effect of Vibration during Friction Stir Welding on Corrosion Behavior, Mechanical Properties, and Machining Characteristics of Stir Zone. Metals 2017, 7, 421.

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