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Metals 2017, 7(3), 91; doi:10.3390/met7030091

Comparison of Single Ti6Al4V Struts Made Using Selective Laser Melting and Electron Beam Melting Subject to Part Orientation

Faculty of Engineering, University of Applied Science, Technology, Business and Design, Philipp-Müller-Str. 14, 23966 Wismar, Germany
Biomechanics and Implant Technology Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopedics, University Medicine Rostock, Doberaner Strasse 142, 18057 Rostock, Germany
Fluidic Technology and Microfluidics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Marine Technology, University of Rostock, 18059 Rostock, Germany
Institute for Polymer Technologies e.V., Alter Holzhafen 19, 23966 Wismar, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manoj Gupta
Received: 1 December 2016 / Revised: 8 March 2017 / Accepted: 9 March 2017 / Published: 11 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Printing of Metals)


The use of additive manufacturing technologies to produce lightweight or functional structures is widespread. Especially Ti6Al4V plays an important role in this development field and parts are manufactured and analyzed with the aim to characterize the mechanical properties of open-porous structures and to generate scaffolds with properties specific to their intended application. An SLM and an EBM process were used respectively to fabricate the Ti6Al4V single struts. For mechanical characterization, uniaxial compression tests and hardness measurements were conducted. Furthermore, the struts were manufactured in different orientations for the determination of the mechanical properties. Roughness measurements and a microscopic characterization of the struts were also carried out. Some parts were characterized following heat treatment (hot isostatic pressing). A functional correlation was found between the compressive strength and the slenderness ratio (λ) as well as the equivalent diameter (d) and the height (L) of EBM and SLM parts. Hardness investigations revealed considerable differences related to the microstructure. An influence of heat treatment as well as of orientation could be determined. In this work, we demonstrate the influence of the fabrication quality of single struts, the roughness and the microstructure on mechanical properties as a function of orientation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti6Al4V; selective laser melting; electron beam melting; single strut; mechanical properties Ti6Al4V; selective laser melting; electron beam melting; single strut; mechanical properties

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Weißmann, V.; Drescher, P.; Bader, R.; Seitz, H.; Hansmann, H.; Laufer, N. Comparison of Single Ti6Al4V Struts Made Using Selective Laser Melting and Electron Beam Melting Subject to Part Orientation. Metals 2017, 7, 91.

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