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Behav. Sci. 2017, 7(1), 14; doi:10.3390/bs7010014

Through the Kinesthetic Lens: Observation of Social Attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Codarts University of the Arts, MA Arts Therapies, Kruisplein 26, 3012 CC Rotterdam, The Netherlands
KenVaK Research Centre for the Arts Therapies, PO Box 550, 6400 AN Heerlen, The Netherlands
School of Education, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9EU, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jodi Robledo
Received: 1 November 2016 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 14 March 2017 / Published: 18 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autism Spectrum Disorder 2016)
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This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Background: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available. Methods: A series of individual cases of DMT with young people with ASD (mean age 12.2 years.) were analyzed for changes in interpersonal movement behaviors employing video-based retrospective observation. Results: The findings were summarized in an observation scale for interpersonal movement behaviors. This scale was then tested for its applicability for the monitoring of social attunement behaviors throughout therapy. Discussion: A movement-informed perspective may be helpful to inventory changes in social attunement behaviors in participants with ASD. The relevance of a movement-informed perspective for the concept of social attunement in ASD will be discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; social attunement; movement observation; dance movement therapy autism spectrum disorder; social attunement; movement observation; dance movement therapy

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Samaritter, R.; Payne, H. Through the Kinesthetic Lens: Observation of Social Attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Behav. Sci. 2017, 7, 14.

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