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Agriculture 2013, 3(3), 536-555; doi:10.3390/agriculture3030536

Advances in Ileitis Control, Diagnosis, Epidemiology and the Economic Impacts of Disease in Commercial Pig Herds

Department of Primary Industries, New South Wales, EMAI, PMB 4008, Narellan, NSW 2568, Australia
Received: 20 June 2013 / Revised: 19 August 2013 / Accepted: 21 August 2013 / Published: 5 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Diseases in Agriculture Production Systems: Trends and Impacts)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [381 KB, uploaded 5 September 2013]

Abstract

Proliferative enteropathy, commonly known as “ileitis” continues to be a significant production-limiting disease in pig herds throughout the world. The disease can be controlled with a combination of vaccination and antibiotic medication. However, pressure from consumers to reduce antibiotic use in livestock industries highlights the need to better understand the epidemiology of ileitis, the mechanisms of immunity, and to identify management factors that can reduce the load of Lawsonia intracellularis in both pigs and the environment. New diagnostic assays and economic modelling of ileitis will help producers target optimal treatment times and minimize the production losses associated with ileitis. This review aims to outline the current advances in disease diagnosis, epidemiology, control strategies and the economic impact of both clinical and sub-clinical disease.
Keywords: animal diseases; epidemiology; economic impact; ileitis; proliferative enteropathy; Lawsonia intracellularis; transmission; immunity; diagnosis animal diseases; epidemiology; economic impact; ileitis; proliferative enteropathy; Lawsonia intracellularis; transmission; immunity; diagnosis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Collins, A.M. Advances in Ileitis Control, Diagnosis, Epidemiology and the Economic Impacts of Disease in Commercial Pig Herds. Agriculture 2013, 3, 536-555.

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