Next Article in Journal
Habermas and Religious Communication: The Insufficiency of the Translation Proviso
Next Article in Special Issue
Religious Diversity and Freedom of Conscience in the Arabic Countries Facing Globalization and Migration
Previous Article in Journal
Reinscribing the Goddess into the Culturally Relative Minutiae of Tantric Texts and Practices: A Perennialist Response to Tantric Visual Culture
Previous Article in Special Issue
Diversity vs. Pluralism: Reflections on the Current Situation in the United States
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2017, 8(10), 216; doi:10.3390/rel8100216

Neo-Hindu Fundamentalism Challenging the Secular and Pluralistic Indian State

Writer and essayist, independent researcher; Clarence Terrace, Penzance TR18 2PZ, Cornwall, UK
This article benefited from the assistance of George Kuscow who reviewed the text with great care and sympathy.
Received: 29 August 2017 / Revised: 13 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 3 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religious Diversity in a Pluralistic Society)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [257 KB, uploaded 16 October 2017]

Abstract

Secularism seems to require separation between religion and State. Regarding India, it would be better to speak of ‘equidistance’ between State and religious denominations. Nonetheless a ‘balanced treatment’ towards the religions leaves the question open as to what form that equidistance should take. This is the reason of some contradictions in today’s Indian social and political life. It is likely that without the Moghul and British domination Hinduism would not have acquired a militant identity. It was the ‘epiphany’ of well-armed, powerful ‘Others’ (Muslim, Christian or secular) which generated frustration and fear to such an extent that a religious nationalism (Hindutva) was born. Nehru and the Left of the Congress Party leadership thought that modernity would overcome religion, which is a remnant of the past. They were confident that a political culture based on pluralism and tolerance would become the foundations of the new society. This is exactly what Hindu Nationalism takes issue with: the ‘pseudo-seculars’ project of building the national identity without Hinduism or against Hinduism. Hindutva asserts that Hinduism is the basis of the Indian civilization. The Hindu ethos is the soul of the nation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hindu Nationalism; Hinduism; Hindutva; India; Fundamentalism; secularism; religion and violence; State and religion Hindu Nationalism; Hinduism; Hindutva; India; Fundamentalism; secularism; religion and violence; State and religion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Battaglia, G. Neo-Hindu Fundamentalism Challenging the Secular and Pluralistic Indian State. Religions 2017, 8, 216.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top