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Religions 2017, 8(10), 233; doi:10.3390/rel8100233

Theology Facing Religious Diversity: The Perspective of Latin American Pluralist Theology

Departamento de Ciências da Religião—Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais—PUC Minas, Av. Dom José Gaspar, 500, Belo Horizonte MG 30.535-901, Brasil
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 5 October 2017 / Accepted: 7 October 2017 / Published: 24 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religious Diversity in a Pluralistic Society)
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Abstract

Life is plural and diverse, biodiverse. This reality has always provoked philosophy, the sciences, and also theology. But how does theological thinking reflect on this eco-human diversity? What about religious diversity? Are diversity and pluralism the same phenomenon? These questions express the aim of this article: to reflect on theology in the face of diversity and pluralism. With the methodology of bibliographic analysis, the article begins by discussing the challenges of this reality. Then it deals with how theology confronts diversity and pluralism. In the end, it reflects on the possibility of Latin American Liberation Theology being conceived as pluralist, articulating itself with the Theology of Religious Pluralism—especially from the 1990s. One of the exponents of the Latin American Liberation Theology that justifies such a paradigm shift is the theologian Leonardo Boff. With his outputs, Latin American theology starts to realize, from the ecological paradigm, the articulation between liberation and dialogue, then being called pluralistic liberation theology. The conclusions of the article point out that cultural change, the ecological paradigm and, recently, the questions of decolonial theology, have led theological thinking to transform more, facing the socio-environmental challenges of diversity, conflicts, and interreligious dialogue, accepting even more the awareness of pluralism. View Full-Text
Keywords: religious diversity; cultural and religious pluralism; pluralist theology of Latin American liberation; Dialogue religious diversity; cultural and religious pluralism; pluralist theology of Latin American liberation; Dialogue
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Baptista, P.A.N. Theology Facing Religious Diversity: The Perspective of Latin American Pluralist Theology. Religions 2017, 8, 233.

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