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Antibiotics 2013, 2(4), 450-464; doi:10.3390/antibiotics2040450

Antibiotic Usage Prior and During Hospitalization for Clinical Severe Pneumonia in Children under Five Years of Age in Rabat, Morocco

Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB), Rosselló 132, Barcelona E-08036, Spain
Nationale de Santé Publique (ENSP), Ministère de la santé, Rue Lamfadel Ach. Cherkaoui, Madinat Al Irfane, Rabat 6329, Morocco
Enfants (HER), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ibn Sina, Boulevard Ibn Rochd, Souissi, Rabat 10100, Morocco
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 August 2013 / Revised: 10 September 2013 / Accepted: 17 September 2013 / Published: 26 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibiotics and Respiratory Tract Infections)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [510 KB, 27 September 2013; original version 26 September 2013]


Scarce and limited epidemiological, clinical and microbiological data are available regarding pediatric respiratory tract infections in the Kingdom of Morocco, a middle-income country in Northwestern Africa. Data on antibiotic usage for such infections are also scarce. A good understanding of pre-admission and intra-hospital usage of antibiotics in children with respiratory infections linked with an adequate surveillance of the antibiotic susceptibility from circulating pathogens could help policy makers improve their recommendations on management of respiratory infections. We hereby present data on antibiotic usage prior and during admission and antibiotic susceptibility of major circulating respiratory pathogens in children under five years of age admitted to the Hôpital d’Enfants de Rabat, Morocco, with a diagnosis of clinical severe pneumonia (using World Health Organization (WHO) standardized case definitions) during a period of 14 months (November 2010–December 2011), as part of a larger hospital-based surveillance study designed to understand the etiology and epidemiology of severe pneumonia cases among children.
Keywords: acute respiratory infection; antibiotics; children; risk factors; Morocco acute respiratory infection; antibiotics; children; risk factors; Morocco
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jroundi, I.; Benmessaoud, R.; Mahraoui, C.; Moraleda, C.; Tligui, H.; Seffar, M.; Benjelloun, B.S.; Vila, J.; Ruiz, J.; Alonso, P.L.; Bassat, Q. Antibiotic Usage Prior and During Hospitalization for Clinical Severe Pneumonia in Children under Five Years of Age in Rabat, Morocco. Antibiotics 2013, 2, 450-464.

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