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Plants 2013, 2(2), 230-247; doi:10.3390/plants2020230

Combinations of Mutations Sufficient to Alter Arabidopsis Leaf Dissection

INRA, UMR1318, Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, RD10, F-78000 Versailles, France
AgroParisTech, Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, RD10, F-78000 Versailles, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2013 / Revised: 27 March 2013 / Accepted: 1 April 2013 / Published: 8 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leaf Development)
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Leaves show a wide range of shapes that results from the combinatory variations of two main parameters: the relative duration of the morphogenetic phase and the pattern of dissection of the leaf margin. To further understand the mechanisms controlling leaf shape, we have studied the interactions between several loci leading to increased dissection of the Arabidopsis leaf margins. Thus, we have used (i) mutants in which miR164 regulation of the CUC2 gene is impaired, (ii) plants overexpressing miR319/miRJAW that down-regulates multiple TCP genes and (iii) plants overexpressing the STIMPY/WOX9 gene. Through the analysis of their effects on leaf shape and KNOX I gene expression, we show that these loci act in different pathways. We show, in particular, that they have synergetic effects and that plants combining two or three of these loci show dramatic modifications of their leaf shapes. Finally, we present a working model for the role of these loci during leaf development.
Keywords: leaf; morphogenesis; differentiation; growth; patterning leaf; morphogenesis; differentiation; growth; patterning

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Blein, T.; Pautot, V.; Laufs, P. Combinations of Mutations Sufficient to Alter Arabidopsis Leaf Dissection. Plants 2013, 2, 230-247.

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