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J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2013, 2(4), 717-760; doi:10.3390/jsan2040717

Software Updating in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey and Lacunae

Callan Institute/Department of Computer Science, National University of Ireland Maynooth, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland
MISL, Department of Computer Science, University College Cork, Co. Cork, Ireland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2013 / Revised: 1 November 2013 / Accepted: 1 November 2013 / Published: 14 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [597 KB, uploaded 14 November 2013]   |  


Wireless Sensor Networks are moving out of the laboratory and into the field. For a number of reasons there is often a need to update sensor node software, or node configuration, after deployment. The need for over-the-air updates is driven both by the scale of deployments, and by the remoteness and inaccessibility of sensor nodes. This need has been recognized since the early days of sensor networks, and research results from the related areas of mobile networking and distributed systems have been applied to this area. In order to avoid any manual intervention, the update process needs to be autonomous. This paper presents a comprehensive survey of software updating in Wireless Sensor Networks, and analyses the features required to make these updates autonomous. A new taxonomy of software update features and a new model for fault detection and recovery are presented. The paper concludes by identifying the lacunae relating to autonomous software updates, providing direction for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: WSN; software update; configuration update; fault detection; reliability; recovery; management; autonomous WSN; software update; configuration update; fault detection; reliability; recovery; management; autonomous

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Brown, S.; Sreenan, C.J. Software Updating in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey and Lacunae. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2013, 2, 717-760.

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