Microstructural Study of IF-WS2 Failure Modes
AbstractThis manuscript summarizes the failure mechanisms found in inorganic fullerene-type tungsten disulfide (IF-WS2) nanoparticles treated with diverse pressure loading methods. The approaches utilized to induce failure included: the use of an ultrasonic horn, the buildup of high pressures inside a shock tube which created a shock wave that propagated and impinged in the sample, and impact with military rounds. After treatment, samples were characterized using electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and surface area analysis. The microstructural changes observed in the IF-WS2 particulates as a consequence of the treatments could be categorized in two distinct fracture modes. The most commonly observed was the formation of a crack at the particles surface followed by a phase transformation from the 3D cage-like structures into the 2D layered polymorphs, with subsequent agglomeration of the plate-like sheets to produce larger particle sizes. The secondary mechanism identified was the incipient delamination of IF-WS2. We encountered evidence that the IF-WS2 structure collapse initiated in all cases at the edges and vertices of the polyhedral particles, which acted as stress concentrators, independent of the load application mode or its duration.
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Cook, J.; Rhyans, S.; Roncase, L.; Hobson, G.; Luhrs, C.C. Microstructural Study of IF-WS2 Failure Modes. Inorganics 2014, 2, 377-395.
Cook J, Rhyans S, Roncase L, Hobson G, Luhrs CC. Microstructural Study of IF-WS2 Failure Modes. Inorganics. 2014; 2(3):377-395.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cook, Jamie; Rhyans, Steven; Roncase, Lou; Hobson, Garth; Luhrs, Claudia C. 2014. "Microstructural Study of IF-WS2 Failure Modes." Inorganics 2, no. 3: 377-395.