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Geriatrics 2017, 2(3), 22; doi:10.3390/geriatrics2030022

Health-Related Characteristics of Older Adults Who Attend Congregate Meal Sites in the United States

1
Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2017 / Revised: 7 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 14 July 2017
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine health-related characteristics of a representative sample of older adults who attend congregate meal sites in the United States, and compare races/ethnicities and sexes. Participants were adults, aged 60 years and older, (N = 901) of the 2015 Tenth Annual National Survey of Older American Act Participants (NSOAAP). Difficulties with mobility and Activities of Daily Living were common among older adults who attended congregate meals. Health-related characteristics differed by race/ethnicity and sex. Higher percentages of men reported eating more than half their calories from the site: 61.0% (53, 68), compared to women: 41.2% (33,50); while twice the number of women reported exercising at the site: 42.7% (36, 50), compared to 21.8% (16, 29) for men. Hispanics reported poor/fair health, food insecurity, diabetes, and poverty more often than White non-Hispanics. The odds of reporting that meals helped maintain independence were higher for persons with food insecurity: OR = 2.67 (1.05, 6.80) and those who reported eating half or more of their calories from the site: OR = 5.78 (2.36, 14.30). Strategies that consider preferences by sex and race/ethnicity are required at congregate meal sites to encourage mobility and healthy eating. View Full-Text
Keywords: congregate meals; physical function; self-rated health; food insecurity; race/ethnicity; sex differences congregate meals; physical function; self-rated health; food insecurity; race/ethnicity; sex differences
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huffman, F.G.; Vaccaro, J.A.; Vieira, E.R.; Zarini, G.G. Health-Related Characteristics of Older Adults Who Attend Congregate Meal Sites in the United States. Geriatrics 2017, 2, 22.

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