Special Issue "Infectious Disease Epidemiology"

A special issue of Diseases (ISSN 2079-9721). This special issue belongs to the section "Infectious Disease".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Amal K. Mitra

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jackson State University, 350 West Woodrow Wilson Dr., Suit 216, Jackson, MS 39213, USA
Interests: global health; neglected tropical diseases; lead poisoning; arsenic poisoning; iron; vitamin A; nutritional status; antioxidants; breast feeding; breast cancer; smoking; complementary and alternative medicine; metabolic syndrome; enteric pathogens; hepatitis C; hepatitis G

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Many developing countries are facing an enormous burden of infectious diseases, including diarrhea, malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS. Although vaccines have conquered most of the infectious diseases, newer and emerging infectious diseases, such as Ebola fever, SERS coronavirus disease, MARS, Nipah virus, Hantavirus, Dengue fever, Chikungunya, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, West Nile virus infection, etc., are still causing public health threats worldwide. Climate change and global warming are increasing the likelihood and spread of many vector-borne diseases, including malaria, dengue fever, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, and trypanosomiasis. Over time, many infectious organisms have adapted to the drugs designed to kill them, making the agents resistant to the commonly used antimicrobials. Improper medication or self-medication is often a factor causing this drug resistance. There is a growing need to identify population at risk, social and environmental factors, and economic burden to proritize resources. Mathematical modeling and the application of GIS are also important tools in predicting infectious diseases, identification of at-risk population, and the evaluation of interventions. This Special Issue on “Infectious Disease Epidemiology” will cover original articles and review articles related to global burden of infectious diseases, antimicrobial resistance, emerging diseases, social aspects and economic burden of diseases, laboratory identification, clinical trials, community interventions, GIS application, and mathematical models.The Editorial Officeis also considering publication of a book and a free copy of the book to the contributing authors once this special issue of the journal is published.

Prof. Dr. Amal K. Mitra
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Diseases is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Infectious diseases
  • Global burden
  • Disability-adjusted life years (DALY)
  • Risk factors
  • Community interventions
  • Clinical trials
  • Laboratory studies
  • Drug resistance
  • GIS applications
  • Cost-effective analysis
  • Vaccine
  • Mathematical models
  • Social epidemiology

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle Zika Virus and the Risk for Renter Households
Received: 8 March 2018 / Revised: 10 May 2018 / Accepted: 11 May 2018 / Published: 15 May 2018
PDF Full-text (1133 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Recent research on family income indicates that a lack of economic stability can affect healthy housing. Those with limited resources experience higher rates of inadequate and unstable housing many times forcing them to live in undesirable communities in which there can be several
[...] Read more.
Recent research on family income indicates that a lack of economic stability can affect healthy housing. Those with limited resources experience higher rates of inadequate and unstable housing many times forcing them to live in undesirable communities in which there can be several community-level health-related issues. One community-level health-related factor of concern has been the reemergence of Zika virus. Some research has indicated that a higher risk of catching Zika virus may exist in neighborhoods and areas with unhealthy housing. Therefore, this study sought to explore the existence of a relationship between rental housing and the Zika virus. Our findings indicated a significant correlation existed between renter occupied household units and the presence of Zika virus. This finding is notable as it indicates that renters have a higher chance of contracting Zika virus than non-renters. Future research should further examine the demographic and housing situation in other communities reporting cases of the Zika virus. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infectious Disease Epidemiology)

Figure 1

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Acute Diarrhea Associated Hospitalization in South Nouakchott Before and After Rotavirus Vaccine Introduction
Author: Dr. Mohamed Lemine

Title: Pathogenesis of Rubella, Congenital Rubella Syndrome, and the link with Autism: A New Perspective
Author: Anthony R. Mawson
Abstract: Maternal rubella virus infection, a generally mild illness, is associated with severe congenital defects known as the congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). During the 1960s epidemic of rubella from 8%-13% of children with the CRS developed autism compared to the prevailing rate of 1 in 5,000 in the general population. However, the pathogenesis of rubella and its sequelae have remained obscure. The present review of the literature suggests the hypothesis that rubella infection and rubella associated CRS is due to virus-induced maternal liver dysfunction and resulting alterations in the metabolism and distribution of retinoids (vitamin A and its congeners). It is proposed that rubella infection activates retinoid receptors in the liver which inhibit the secretion of retinol-binding protein and lower the concentration of serum retinol, causing retinoids to
accumulate in and damage the liver. Impaired mobilization and secretion of retinol leads to the spillage of vitamin A compounds
from hepatic storage into the circulation, inducing a symptom pattern of hypervitaminosis A. If infection occurs in the early weeks of pregnancy, these alterations in maternal retinoid metabolism induce teratogenesis, contributing to the symptoms of rubella-associated CRS and autism. While rubella infection and CRS are now uncommon in the US and Europe, autism has become virtually epidemic (>2%), with a high proportion of cases occurring in early childhood after a period of normal development (“regressive autism”). Understanding the link between rubella, CRS and autism could provide clues for understanding the growing epidemic of autism spectrum disorder.

Title: Epidemiology and etiology of diarrhea in Mauritania
Author: Mohamed Lemine

Title: HIV/AIDS Knowledge of Undergraduate Students at a Historically Black College and University
Author: Azad R Bhuiyan
Abstract: 1) Objective: The aim of this study was to assess HIV/AIDS knowledge of undergraduate students at a historically black college and university; 2) Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among 400 undergraduate students enrolled in Jackson State University (JSU). Data were collected using validated self-administered standardized questionnaire on knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS; 3) Results: Three hundred and eighty six (96.5%) students had good HIV/AIDS knowledge. However, there were some misconceptions on HIV infection mode of transmission among participants. There was no significant gender difference in HIV/AIDS knowledge (χ2 =3.05; P =0.08) in this study; and 4) Conclusions: JSU undergraduate students had good HIV/AIDS knowledge with some misconceptions on HIV infection transmission route. Hence, this study calls for strengthened HIV/AIDS awareness education among undergraduate students.

Title: How to predict development of sequelae of visceral leishmaniasis and their contribution to Leishmania donovani transmission
Author: Malcolm S. Duthie

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