Special Issue "Natural Gas Hydrate 2011"
A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2012)
Prof. Dr. Richard B. Coffin
Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive, Corpus Christi, TX 78421, USA
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Interests: variation in methane hydrate abundance in world ocean coastal regions; shallow sediment methane cycling; methane flux to the atmosphere; elemental isotope analyses
Gas hydrates, recognized to be distributed through the world coastal oceans, are a significant energy source, have potential to influence coastal ocean platform stability, are an important component in climate change, and may contribute significantly to the overlying water column carbon cycles. Large investments for evaluation of methane hydrates as an energy source are ongoing at the Mackenzie Delta and Prudhoe Bay in the Arctic, the Nankai Trough off Japan, the Bay of Bengal near India, and on the Texas-Louisiana Shelf in the Gulf of Mexico. In addition to these large scale efforts, preliminary investigation of hydrate as a resource has started off on the coasts of New Zealand, Korea, Russia, Norway, Chile and other countries. Methane in hydrates is also being studied in Arctic coastal permafrost as a contribution to climate change. Addressing the development of this resource requires integration of a wide array of chemical, physical, geophysical and biological laboratory and field data. This special issue will combine papers on methods for evaluating deep sediment hydrate quantities, regional resource characterization, the methane contribution to shallow sediment and overlying water column carbon cycling, and predicted contributions to climate change. A primary goal is to share a thorough global overview of the current activity related to methane hydrate research.
Dr. Richard B. Coffin
- methane hydrates
- climate change
- carbon cycling
- ocean modeling