Quaternary — Open Access Journal
Quaternary (ISSN 2571-550X) is an international open-access journal that covers all aspects of Quaternary Science, embracing the whole range of scientific fields related to geological, geographical, biological, physical, chemical, environmental and human sciences. It publishes reviews, research articles, communications, technical notes and essays. There is no restriction on the length of the papers and we encourage authors to publish their results in as much detail as possible.
- Open Access - free for readers, free publication for well-prepared manuscripts submitted in 2018.
- Rapid Publication: accepted papers are immediately published online.
- Recognition of Reviewers: reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports receive vouchers entitling them to a discount on the APC of their next publication in any MDPI journal, in appreciation of the work done.
Quaternary 2018, 1(1), 5; doi:10.3390/quat1010005 - 22 March 2018
Late Pleistocene Deer in the Region of the National Park “Serra da Capivara” (Piauí, Brazil)►▼ Figures
Quaternary 2018, 1(1), 4; doi:10.3390/quat1010004 - 14 March 2018
The analysis of the cervid fossil remains from the late Pleistocene fossiliferous deposit Lagoa dos Porcos (in the region of the National Park “Serra da Capivara”, Piauí, Brazil) proves the presence of at least two species: a small deer, belonging to the genus[...] Read more.
The analysis of the cervid fossil remains from the late Pleistocene fossiliferous deposit Lagoa dos Porcos (in the region of the National Park “Serra da Capivara”, Piauí, Brazil) proves the presence of at least two species: a small deer, belonging to the genus Mazama, and a larger one (Morenelaphus sp.). The latter taxon is recognized for the first time not only in this area, but in the whole Piauí State, enlarging the paleogeographic distribution of the genus. This study also points out the difference between the cervid fauna found in the karstic area of Park and Lagoa dos Porcos, which lies in the alluvial plain. Full article
Elephant and Mammoth Hunting during the Paleolithic: A Review of the Relevant Archaeological, Ethnographic and Ethno-Historical Records►▼ Figures
Quaternary 2018, 1(1), 3; doi:10.3390/quat1010003 - 8 February 2018
Proboscideans and humans have shared habitats across the Old and New Worlds for hundreds of thousands of years. Proboscideans were included in the human diet starting from the Lower Paleolithic period and until the final stages of the Pleistocene. However, the question of[...] Read more.
Proboscideans and humans have shared habitats across the Old and New Worlds for hundreds of thousands of years. Proboscideans were included in the human diet starting from the Lower Paleolithic period and until the final stages of the Pleistocene. However, the question of how prehistoric people acquired proboscideans remains unresolved. Moreover, the effect of proboscidean hunting on the eventual extinction of these mega-herbivores was never seriously evaluated, probably because of the lack of acquaintance with the plethora of information available regarding proboscidean hunting by humans. The aim of this paper is to bridge this gap and bring to light the data available in order to estimate the extent and procedures of elephant and mammoth hunting by humans during the Quaternary. This study examines the archaeological evidence of proboscidean hunting during Paleolithic times, and provides a review of ethnographic and ethno-historical accounts, demonstrating a wide range of traditional elephant-hunting strategies. We also discuss the rituals accompanying elephant hunting among contemporary hunter-gatherers, further stressing the importance of elephants among hunter-gatherers. Based on the gathered data, we suggest that early humans possessed the necessary abilities to actively and regularly hunt proboscideans; and performed this unique and challenging task at will. Full article
Holocene Hydroclimate Variability in Central Scandinavia Inferred from Flood Layers in Contourite Drift Deposits in Lake Storsjön►▼ Figures
Quaternary 2018, 1(1), 2; doi:10.3390/quat1010002 - 6 February 2018
Despite the societal importance of extreme hydroclimate events, few palaeoenvironmental studies of Scandinavian lake sediments have investigated flood occurrences. Here we present a flood history based on lithological, geochemical and mineral magnetic records of a Holocene sediment sequence collected from contourite drift deposits[...] Read more.
Despite the societal importance of extreme hydroclimate events, few palaeoenvironmental studies of Scandinavian lake sediments have investigated flood occurrences. Here we present a flood history based on lithological, geochemical and mineral magnetic records of a Holocene sediment sequence collected from contourite drift deposits in Lake Storsjön (63.12° N, 14.37° E). After the last deglaciation, the lake began to form around 9800 cal yr BP, but glacial activity persisted in the catchment for ~250 years. Element concentrations and mineral magnetic properties of the sediments indicate relatively stable sedimentation conditions during the Holocene. However, human impact in the form of expanding agriculture is evident from about 1100 cal yr BP, and intensified in the 20th century. Black layers containing iron sulphide appear irregularly throughout the sequence. The increased influx of organic matter during flood events led to decomposition and oxygen consumption, and eventually to anoxic conditions in the interstitial water preserving these layers. Elevated frequencies of black layer occurrence between 3600 and 1800 cal yr BP reflect vegetation changes in the catchment as well as large-scale climatic change. Soil erosion during snowmelt flood events increased with a tree line descent since the onset of the neoglacial period (~4000 cal yr BP). The peak in black layer occurrence coincides with a prominent solar minimum ~2600 cal yr BP, which may have accentuated the observed pattern due to the prevalence of a negative NAO index, a longer snow accumulation period and consequently stronger snowmelt floods. Full article
Quaternary—A Multidisciplinary Integrative Journal to Cope with a Complex World
Quaternary 2018, 1(1), 1; doi:10.3390/quat1010001 - 14 September 2017
13 March 2018
MDPI Becoming a Member of UKSG
MDPI Becoming a Member of UKSG
7–18 May 2018 Postgraduate Course on Palaeoecology (CSIC, Spain)
Special Issue in QuaternaryAdvances in Quaternary Studies: The Contribution of Mammalian Fossil Record Guest Editor: Maria Palombo
Deadline: 31 May 2018
Special Issue in QuaternaryFeature Papers in Quaternary Guest Editor: Valentí Rull
Deadline: 30 June 2018
Special Issue in QuaternaryChanging Nature of Socio-Ecological Interactions in the Americas: From PalaeoAmerican Through to Present Day Guest Editors: Encarni Montoya, Bronwen S. Whitney
Deadline: 1 September 2018
Special Issue in QuaternarySpeleothem Records and Climate Guest Editors: Sandy Harrison, Laia Comas Bru
Deadline: 30 September 2018
Topical Collection in QuaternaryPalaeoinsights Collection Editor: Valentí Rull