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Sensors, Volume 4, Issue 8 (August 2004), Pages 115-135

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Research

Open AccessArticle Strontium (II)-Selective Potentiometric Sensor Based on Ester Derivative of 4-tert-butylcalix(8)arene in PVC Matrix
Sensors 2004, 4(8), 115-124; doi:10.3390/s40800115
Received: 1 March 2004 / Accepted: 22 August 2004 / Published: 30 August 2004
Cited by 33 | PDF Full-text (213 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Membranes of 4-tert-butylcalix(8)arene-octaacetic acid octaethyl ester (I) as an electroactive material, sodium tetraphenyl borate (NaTPB) as an anion excluder, and tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) as a solvent mediator in poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) matrix have been tried for a strontium-selective sensor. The best performance was
[...] Read more.
Membranes of 4-tert-butylcalix(8)arene-octaacetic acid octaethyl ester (I) as an electroactive material, sodium tetraphenyl borate (NaTPB) as an anion excluder, and tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) as a solvent mediator in poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) matrix have been tried for a strontium-selective sensor. The best performance was exhibited by the membrane having a composition 5:100:150:2 (I: PVC: TBP: NaTPB (w/w)). This sensor exhibits a good potentiometric response to Sr2+ over a wide concentration range (3.2 × 10 –5 –1.0 × 10 –1 M) with a Nernstian slope (30 mV/ decade). The response time of the sensor is 10 s and it has been used for a period of four months without any drift in potentials. The selectivity coefficient values are in the order of 0.01 for mono-, bi-, and trivalent cations which indicate a good selectivity for Sr2+ over a large number of cations. The useful pH range for the sensor was found to be 3-10 and it works well in mixtures with non-aqueous content up to 25 % (v/v). The sensor has been used as an indicator electrode in the potentiometric titration of Sr2+ against EDTA. Full article
Open AccessArticle Samarium (III) Selective Membrane Sensor Based on Tin (IV) Boratophosphate
Sensors 2004, 4(8), 125-135; doi:10.3390/s40800125
Received: 9 March 2004 / Accepted: 28 August 2004 / Published: 30 August 2004
Cited by 30 | PDF Full-text (210 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
A number of Sm (III) selective membranes of varying compositions using tin (IV) boratophosphate as electroactive material were prepared. Polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene and epoxy resin were used as binding materials. Membrane having composition of 40% exchanger and 60% epoxy resin exhibited best performance.
[...] Read more.
A number of Sm (III) selective membranes of varying compositions using tin (IV) boratophosphate as electroactive material were prepared. Polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene and epoxy resin were used as binding materials. Membrane having composition of 40% exchanger and 60% epoxy resin exhibited best performance. This membrane worked well over a wide concentration range of 1x10-5M to 1x10-1 M of samarium ions with a Super-Nernstian slope of 40 mV/decade. It has a fast response time of less than 10 seconds and can be used for at least six months without any considerable divergence in potentials. The proposed sensor revealed good selectivities with respect to alkali, alkaline earth, some transition and rare earth metal ions and can be used in the pH range of 4.0-10.0. It was used as an indicator electrode in the potentiometric titration of Sm (III) ions against EDTA. Effect of internal solution was studied and the electrode was successfully used in non-aqueous media, too. Full article

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