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Metals 2017, 7(5), 180; doi:10.3390/met7050180

A Phase Field Model for Rate-Dependent Ductile Fracture

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology, Khuzestan 63616-47189, Iran
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan 35131-19111, Iran
3
Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon 51002, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ali Ramazani
Received: 17 April 2017 / Revised: 29 April 2017 / Accepted: 5 May 2017 / Published: 17 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microstructure based Modeling of Metallic Materials)
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Abstract

In this study, a phase field viscoplastic model is proposed to model the influence of the loading rate on the ductile fracture, as one of the main causes of metallic alloys’ failure. To this aim, the effects of the phase field are incorporated in the Peric’s viscoplastic model; the model can efficiently be converted to a standard rate-independent model. The novel aspects of this work include: Describing a coupling between rate-dependent plasticity and phase field formulation by defining an energy function that contains the energy dissipation caused by plastic deformation as well as the fracture process and elastic energy. In addition, the equations required to develop the numerical solution are presented. The governing equations are determined by a minimization principle that results in balance laws for the coupled displacement-phase field problem. Furthermore, an implicit integration algorithm for a viscoplasticity model coupled with a phase field is presented for a three-dimensional stress state. The proposed algorithm can be utilized for different constitutive models of rate-dependent and rate-independent plasticity models coupled with fracture by changing the definition of the plastic multiplier. In addition, to control the influence of the plastic deformation and its work on the crack propagation, a threshold variable is defined in the model. Finally, using the proposed model, the influence of the loading rate on the responses of the different specimens in one-dimensional and multi-dimensional cases is investigated and the accuracy of the results was verified by comparing them with existing experimental and numerical results. The obtained result proves that the model can simulate the impact of the loading rate on the material response, and the gradual change of the fracture phase from ductile to brittle, caused by increasing the loading rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase field; ductile fracture; viscoplasticity; finite element; rate dependency phase field; ductile fracture; viscoplasticity; finite element; rate dependency
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Badnava, H.; Etemadi, E.; Msekh, M.A. A Phase Field Model for Rate-Dependent Ductile Fracture. Metals 2017, 7, 180.

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