Next Article in Journal
Novel System for Bite-Force Sensing and Monitoring Based on Magnetic Near Field Communication
Next Article in Special Issue
Accuracy Enhancement of Inertial Sensors Utilizing High Resolution Spectral Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Recent Advances in Paper-Based Sensors
Previous Article in Special Issue
Determination of Soil Pore Water Salinity Using an FDR Sensor Working at Various Frequencies up to 500 MHz
Sensors 2012, 12(9), 11527-11543; doi:10.3390/s120911527

Using the Image Analysis Method for Describing Soil Detachment by a Single Water Drop Impact

*  and
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2012 / Revised: 6 August 2012 / Accepted: 16 August 2012 / Published: 24 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensor-Based Technologies and Processes in Agriculture and Forestry)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3160 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures


The aim of the present work was to develop a method based on image analysis for describing soil detachment caused by the impact of a single water drop. The method consisted of recording tracks made by splashed particles on blotting paper under an optical microscope. The analysis facilitated division of the recorded particle tracks on the paper into drops, “comets” and single particles. Additionally, the following relationships were determined: (i) the distances of splash; (ii) the surface areas of splash tracks into relation to distance; (iii) the surface areas of the solid phase transported over a given distance; and (iv) the ratio of the solid phase to the splash track area in relation to distance. Furthermore, the proposed method allowed estimation of the weight of soil transported by a single water drop splash in relation to the distance of the water drop impact. It was concluded that the method of image analysis of splashed particles facilitated analysing the results at very low water drop energy and generated by single water drops.
Keywords: soil detachment measurement; splash; image analysis; single water drop soil detachment measurement; splash; image analysis; single water drop
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Ryżak, M.; Bieganowski, A. Using the Image Analysis Method for Describing Soil Detachment by a Single Water Drop Impact. Sensors 2012, 12, 11527-11543.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert