Next Article in Journal
A Spatial-Spectral Approach for Visualization of Vegetation Stress Resulting from Pipeline Leakage
Next Article in Special Issue
Bacterial Biosensors for Measuring Availability of Environmental Pollutants
Previous Article in Journal
Dynamic Characteristics of Vertically Coupled Structures and the Design of a Decoupled Micro Gyroscope
Previous Article in Special Issue
Reflectance Modeling for Real Snow Structures Using a Beam Tracing Model
Sensors 2008, 8(6), 3719-3732; doi:10.3390/s8063719

Sensor for Measuring Strain in Textile

1,* , 2
1 Wearable Computing Lab, ETH Zürich, Gloriastrasse 35, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland 2 EMPA Dübendorf, Überlandstrasse 129, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 May 2008 / Revised: 20 May 2008 / Accepted: 21 May 2008 / Published: 3 June 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Switzerland)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1921 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures


In this paper a stain sensor to measure large strain (80%) in textiles is presented. It consists of a mixture of 50wt-% thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) and 50wt-% carbon black particles and is fiber-shaped with a diameter of 0.315mm. The attachment of the sensor to the textile is realized using a silicone film. This sensor configuration was characterized using a strain tester and measuring the resistance (extension-retraction cycles): It showed a linear resistance response to strain, a small hysteresis, no ageing effects and a small dependance on the strain velocity. The total mean error caused by all these effects was +/-5.5% in strain. Washing several times in a conventional washing machine did not influence the sensor properties. The paper finishes by showing an example application where 21 strain sensors were integrated into a catsuit. With this garment, 27 upper body postures could be recognized with an accuracy of 97%.
Keywords: strain sensor; textile integrated; elastomer. strain sensor; textile integrated; elastomer.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Mattmann, C.; Clemens, F.; Tröster, G. Sensor for Measuring Strain in Textile. Sensors 2008, 8, 3719-3732.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert