Next Article in Journal
Water-Related Parasitic Diseases in China
Previous Article in Journal
The Role of Community Centre-based Arts, Leisure and Social Activities in Promoting Adult Well-being and Healthy Lifestyles
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(5), 1963-1976; doi:10.3390/ijerph10051963

Basic Concepts in the Taxonomy of Health-Related Behaviors, Habits and Lifestyle

1
Centre for Disability Research and Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, 75 East St. Lidcombe, NSW 2141, Australia
2
Spanish Association for Research of Healthy Aging (Asociación Española para el Estudio Científico del Envejecimiento Saludable, AECES), Calle Infante Don Fernando 17, 29200 Antequera (Málaga), Spain
3
Boston Combined Residency Program in Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital and Boston Medical Center, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
4
Faculty of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Cadiz, Av. Ana de Viya 52, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
5
Scientific Association PSICOST, Plaza de San Marcos 6, 11403 Jerez de la Frontera (Cádiz), Spain
6
VITAL group, Spanish Association for Research of Healthy Aging (Asociación Española para el Estudio Científico del Envejecimiento Saludable, AECES), Calle Infante Don Fernando 17, 29200 Antequera (Málaga), Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 March 2013 / Revised: 22 April 2013 / Accepted: 28 April 2013 / Published: 13 May 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [291 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

Background: Health-related Habits (HrH) are a major priority in healthcare. However there is little agreement on whether exercise, diet, smoking or dental hygiene are better described as lifestyles, habits or behaviors, and on what is their hierarchical relationship. This research is aimed at representing the basic concepts which are assumed to constitute the conceptual framework enabling us to interpret and organize the field of HrH. Methods: A group of 29 experts with different backgrounds agreed on the definition and hierarchy of HrH following an iterative process which involved framing analysis and nominal group techniques. Results: Formal definitions of health-related behavior, habit, life-style and life-style profile were produced. In addition a series of basic descriptors were identified: health reserve, capital, risk and load. Six main categories of HrH were chosen based on relevance to longevity: diet/exercise, vitality/stress, sleep, cognition, substance use and other risk. Attributes of HrH are clinical meaningfulness, quantifiability, temporal stability, associated morbidity, and unitarity (non-redundancy). Two qualifiers (polarity and stages of change) have also been described. Conclusions: The concepts represented here lay the groundwork for the development of clinical and policy tools related to HrH and lifestyle. An adaptation of this system to define targets of health interventions and to develop the classification of person factors in ICF may be needed in the future.
Keywords: health behavior; health habits; life style; longevity; classification; health terminology; taxonomy health behavior; health habits; life style; longevity; classification; health terminology; taxonomy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Salvador-Carulla, L.; Alonso, F.; Gomez, R.; Walsh, C.O.; Almenara, J.; Ruiz, M.; Abellán, M.J.; group, E. Basic Concepts in the Taxonomy of Health-Related Behaviors, Habits and Lifestyle. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 1963-1976.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top