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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 316; doi:10.3390/ijerph14030316

Risk of Suicide and Dysfunctional Patterns of Personality among Bereaved Substance Users

1
Public Drug Centre, Cas Teresa Ferrer-CAS Ripoll, Institut d’Assistència Sanitària (IAS), 17003 Girona, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, University of Girona, 17071 Girona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rory O’Connor and Gwendolyn Portzky
Received: 3 February 2017 / Revised: 12 March 2017 / Accepted: 15 March 2017 / Published: 20 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue From Understanding Suicide Risk to Preventing Suicide)
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Abstract

Background: Research has shown that suicide is a phenomenon highly present among the drug dependent population. Different studies have demonstrated an upraised level of comorbidity between personality disorders (PD) and substance use disorders (SUD). This study aimed to describe which PDs are more frequent among those patients with a risk of suicide. Methods: The study was based on a consecutive non-probabilistic convenience sample of 196 bereaved patients attended to in a Public Addiction Center in Girona (Spain). Sociodemographic data, as well as suicide and drug related characteristics were recorded. The risk of suicide was assessed with the Spanish version of “Risk of suicide”. Personality disorders were measured with the Spanish version of Millon Multiaxial Clinical Inventory. Results: The PDs more associated with the presence of risk of suicide were depressive, avoidant, schizotypal and borderline disorders. However, the histrionic, narcissistic and compulsive PDs are inversely associated with risk of suicide even though the narcissistic scale had no statistical correlation. Conclusions: The risk of suicide is a significant factor to take into account related to patients with SUD and especially with the presence of specific PDs. These findings underline the importance of diagnosing and treating rigorously patients with SUD. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk of suicide; personality disorders; substance use disorder risk of suicide; personality disorders; substance use disorder
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Masferrer, L.; Caparrós, B. Risk of Suicide and Dysfunctional Patterns of Personality among Bereaved Substance Users. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 316.

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