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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 443; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040443

Acceptable Risk Analysis for Abrupt Environmental Pollution Accidents in Zhangjiakou City, China

1
State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Institute of Environmental & Damages Assessment, Guangdong Provincial Academy of Environmental Science, Guangzhou 510045, China
3
School of Engineering, The King’s Buildings, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JL, UK
4
St Edmund Hall, Queen’s Lane, Oxford OX1 4AR, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason K. Levy
Received: 11 February 2017 / Revised: 17 April 2017 / Accepted: 17 April 2017 / Published: 20 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [881 KB, uploaded 21 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Abrupt environmental pollution accidents cause considerable damage worldwide to the ecological environment, human health, and property. The concept of acceptable risk aims to answer whether or not a given environmental pollution risk exceeds a societally determined criterion. This paper presents a case study on acceptable environmental pollution risk conducted through a questionnaire survey carried out between August and October 2014 in five representative districts and two counties of Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, China. Here, environmental risk primarily arises from accidental water pollution, accidental air pollution, and tailings dam failure. Based on 870 valid questionnaires, demographic and regional differences in public attitudes towards abrupt environmental pollution risks were analyzed, and risk acceptance impact factors determined. The results showed females, people between 21–40 years of age, people with higher levels of education, public servants, and people with higher income had lower risk tolerance. People with lower perceived risk, low-level risk knowledge, high-level familiarity and satisfaction with environmental management, and without experience of environmental accidents had higher risk tolerance. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that public satisfaction with environmental management was the most significant factor in risk acceptance, followed by perceived risk of abrupt air pollution, occupation, perceived risk of tailings dam failure, and sex. These findings should be helpful to local decision-makers concerned with environmental risk management (e.g., selecting target groups for effective risk communication) in the context of abrupt environmental accidents. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk acceptance; risk perception; psychometric paradigm; environmental risk; questionnaire; tailings ponds risk acceptance; risk perception; psychometric paradigm; environmental risk; questionnaire; tailings ponds
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Du, X.; Zhang, Z.; Dong, L.; Liu, J.; Borthwick, A.G.L.; Liu, R. Acceptable Risk Analysis for Abrupt Environmental Pollution Accidents in Zhangjiakou City, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 443.

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