Sucrose Is a Promising Feedstock for the Synthesis of the Platform Chemical Hydroxymethylfurfural
AbstractHydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) has an outstanding position among bio-based platform chemicals, because high-value polymer precursors and fuel additives can be derived from HMF. Unfortunately, the large-scale industrial production of HMF is not yet realized. An open research question is the choice of hexose feedstock material. In this study, we used the highly available disaccharide sucrose for HMF synthesis. The conversion of sucrose was catalyzed by sulfuric acid in water media. Experiments were conducted at temperatures of 180, 200, and 220 °C with reaction times of 2–24 min. A carbon balance showed that the yield of unwanted side products rose strongly with temperature. We also developed a kinetic model for the conversion of sucrose, involving nine first-order reactions, to uncover the kinetics of the main reaction pathways. Within this model, HMF is produced exclusively via the dehydration of fructose. Glucose isomerizes slowly to fructose. Side products arise simultaneously from glucose, fructose, and HMF. A pathway from hexoses to xylose via reverse aldol reaction was also included in the model. We believe that sucrose is the ideal feedstock for large-scale production of HMF because it is more abundant than fructose, and easier to process than sugars obtained from lignocellulosic biomass. View Full-Text
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Steinbach, D.; Kruse, A.; Sauer, J.; Vetter, P. Sucrose Is a Promising Feedstock for the Synthesis of the Platform Chemical Hydroxymethylfurfural. Energies 2018, 11, 645.
Steinbach D, Kruse A, Sauer J, Vetter P. Sucrose Is a Promising Feedstock for the Synthesis of the Platform Chemical Hydroxymethylfurfural. Energies. 2018; 11(3):645.Chicago/Turabian Style
Steinbach, David; Kruse, Andrea; Sauer, Jörg; Vetter, Philipp. 2018. "Sucrose Is a Promising Feedstock for the Synthesis of the Platform Chemical Hydroxymethylfurfural." Energies 11, no. 3: 645.
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